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American Prisoners Dartmoor England

Saint Michael' Church in Princeton near Dartmoor Prison is a unique monument to the French and American Prisoners of War who built the church from Dartmoor Granite in 1813. The French prisoners began the church, and then 250 American Prisoners arrived and finished the furnishings in readiness for its first service on 2nd January 1814.
On the 10th February 1816 the last prisoners left Dartmoor, the church was then closed and locked. (Nearly 1,500 French prisoners and 218 Americans died while incarcerated in Dartmoor War Prison and were buried in a file beyond the prison walls.)

 


List of Americans at Dartmoor POW Cemetery
Compiled and verified by Ron Joy and Ira Dye

Name POW # Rank Unit / Ship Date of Death State / Hometown
Adam, William 4404755 Seaman Africa 15 Mar 1815 Mass.
Adams, James 4404851 Seaman Greyhound 06 Nov 1814 N.C.
Adams, John 4405089 Sailing
Master
Ida 03 Dec 1814 Boston, Mass
Adams Robert 4405656 Seaman Herald 05 Feb 1815 Not given
Adams, William 4404848 Seaman Hawk 24 Apr 1815 North Carolina
Addigo, Henry 4100739 Marine Argus 23 Dec 1813 N.Y.
Allan, Asha 4404956 Seaman Herald 14 Nov 1814 New Bedford, Mass
Allen, Archibald 4405706 Seaman Harpy 03 Mar 1815 Mass.
Allen, John Baptist 4404967 Seaman Herald 21 Nov 1814 Africa
Almeno, Jose 4404825 Seaman President 03 Nov 1814 Carthagena
Amos, Peter 4403821 Passenger Invincible 18 Feb 1815 Martha's Vineyard, Mass
Anderson, Jacob 4202225 Seaman Hussar 26 Jan 1815 Portland, Maine
Andrews, Joshua 4405108 Seaman David Porter 21 Nov 1814 Ipswich, Mass
Appleton, Daniel 4302425 Seaman Frolic 04 Jan 1815 Ipswich, Mass
Archer, Daniel 4405698 Prize
Master
Grand Turk 14 Jan 1814 Salem, Mass
Aubury, Martin 4404826 Seaman President 17 Feb 1815 Carthagena
Babb, Benjamin 4201922 Seaman Victory 29 Jan 1815 Barrington
Badson, Jacob 4201131 Seaman Young Dixon 22 Mar 1815 Boston, Mass
Bailey, Moses 4405819 Seaman Scorpion 17 Feb 1815 Penn
Baker, Charles 4302942 Seaman Atalante 30 Jan 1815 Virginia
Baldwin, John 4201608 Seaman Fox 05 Dec 1814 Boston, Mass
Barnett, James 4403862 Mate Busy 08 Dec 1814 Penn
Baron, Thomas 4100587 Servant Argus 08 Nov 1813 Norfolk, VA
Barry, Peter 4303222 Seaman Jalouse 26 Nov 1814 Salem, Mass
Bateman, John 4303459 Seaman Chasseur 23 Nov 1814 Baltimore, Md
Bean, William 4202096 Seaman Malta 28 Nov 1814 Virginia
Beck, William 4201934 Seaman Royal William 18 Jan 1815 N.H.
Belloa, Darius 4302418 Seaman Frolic 25 Jan 1815 R.I.
Birch, Peter 4403900 Seaman Prosperity 13 Mar 1815 Philadelphia
Bisley, Horace 4100202 Seaman Star 11 Apr 1813 Rockhill, N.H.
Blasdon, Philip 4405839 Soldier 4 Regt Rifles 17 Jan 1815 New Hampshire
Boardby, Samuel 4404356 Seaman Fiere Facia 29 Mar 1815 Baltimore, Md
Bodge, Daniel 4505883 Marine Harlequin 16 Jan 1815 Arundel
Bray, Isacher 4405053 Seaman Ida 20 Nov 1814 Cape Ann
Brien, Lewis 4303549 Seaman Hawk 05 Nov 1814 North Carolina
Brissons, John 4404231 Seaman Bunker Hill 24 Jan 1815 Baltimore, Md
Brown, Charles 4201350 Seaman Paul Jones 17 Feb 1815 Virginia
Brown, George 4405788 Seaman Ocean 11 Feb 1815 Penn
Brown, William 4404628 Seaman Ulysses 20 July 1815 N.Y.
Burbidge, Henry 4303582 Seaman Greyhound 25 Dec 1814 Washington
Burleigh, Henry 4302733 Seaman Bennett 02 Dec 1814 Newmarket
Butler, John 4405626 Seaman Semiramis 23 Feb 1815 Penn
Butts, Joseph 4101060 Seaman Fair America 02 Dec 1814 N.Y.
Campbell, Henry 4506504 Seaman gave himself up 22 Mar 1815 Delaware
Campbell, James 4302647 Seaman Volontaire 07 Apr 1815 N.Y.
Compichi, St Yago 4404820 Seaman President 16 Jan 1815 Carthagena
Carson, John 4404326 Seaman Fiere Facia 16 Oct 1814 New Orleans
Carter, Daniel 4201395 Seaman Zebra 06 Oct 1814 Virginia
Cateret, James 4403901 Seaman Mary 11 Nov 1814 Maryland
Chandler, Simon 4201523 Seaman Essex 25 Oct 1814 Mass
Chult, David 4302740 Seaman Salvador 03 Mar 1815 Mass
Clark, Simon 4202367 Seaman Snapdragon 24 Jan 1815 N.C.
Clerk, William 4100191 Seaman Star 21 Oct 1813 Newport, R.I.
Coffee, Ramos 4405118 Seaman Portsmouth 04 Dec 1814 N.Y.
Cole, John 4201253 Seaman Adeline 26 Nov 1814 Baltimore, Md
Coleman, William 4303547 Seaman Hawk 05 Nov 1814 N.C.
Collins, John 4303103 Seaman Monmouth 08 Oct 1814 Philadelphia, Penn
Congdon, James 4404893 Seaman Goren 11 Nov 1814 R.I.
Conklin, Ventus 4405657 Seaman Herald 23 June 1815 New York
Cook, Benjamin 4100840 Seaman Chesapeake 06 Apr 1814 Baltimore, Md
Coombes, James 4100635 Seaman Argus 20 Mar 1814 Wiscasset
Cooper, Thomas 4404549 2nd Mate Union 08 Nov 1814 Mass
Cornish, Charles 4100838 Seaman Chesapeake 10 Jan 1814 Maryland
Curren, Nathaniel 4403733 Gunner Lizard 01 June 1815 Salem, Mass
Cussar, James O. 4404705 Seaman Volunteer 07 Dec 1814 New York
Davenport, John 4303522 Seaman Sabine 10 June 1815 Easthaven
Davis, James 4405240 Seaman Yorktown 26 Feb 1814 Savanna, GA
Debates, Amos 4405063 Seaman Ida 18 Nov 1814 Hamburg
Denham, Sylas 4405074 Seaman Ida 14 Nov 1814 Boston, Mass
Denning, Joseph 4405744 Seaman Ohio 12 Apr 1815 Mass
Devinas, John 4405743 Seaman Ohio 12 Apr 1815 Salem
Diamond, William 4201140 Seaman Mary
Blockhead
23 Jan 1815 R.I.
Dillain, William 4100599 Marine Argus 10 May 1814 New Guernsey
Dilno, Benjamn 4201522 Seaman Essex 30 Mar 1815 Mass
Dyer, Jonathan 4100788 Seaman True Blooded
Yankeee
11 Mar 1815 Cape Cod, Mass
Edgar, William 4100816 Seaman Hepas 28 Jan 1814 New Jersey
Erwin, William 4100182 Hospital Star 14 Mar 1815 Cumberland
Evans, Edward 4404853 Seaman North Star 05 Jan 1815 Virginia
Fernald, William 4506112 Prize
Master
Harpy 23 Jan 1815 Kiny (?) Maine
Fisher, Charles 4404886 Seaman Saratoga 06 Apr 1815 Delaware
Fletcher, William B. 4100069 Seaman Spitfire 16 Jul 1813 Marblehead, Mass
Flowers, John 4506169 Seaman Lion 06 May 1815 Boston
Fogerty, Archibald 4202027 Seaman Horatio 18 Mar 1815 Mass.
Fowler, Joshua 4404730 Seaman Carnation 30 Jan 1815 Boston, Mass
Francis, John 4202018 Seaman Royal William 15 Apr 1815 N.H.
Freely, Henry 4100555 Seaman Pompee 20 Jan 1814 Penn
Fulford, Joseph 4202354 Seaman Snapdragon 27 Jan 1815 N.C.
Gardner, Jeremiah 4404739 Seaman A Brig 01 Mar 1815 R.I.
Gardner, Timothy 4403953 Seaman Rolla 15 Jan 1815 R.I.
Gatwood, James 4201113 Seaman Bunker Hill 17 Feb 1815 N.H.
Gayler, James 4302541 Seaman America 03 Dec 1814 North Carolina
Gennifon, Michael 4405025 Seaman Syren 12 Nov 1814 Baltimore
Gibson, William 4403981 Seaman Rattlesnake 22 Oct 1815 N.Y.
Gladding, William 4404011 Gunner Rattlesnake 14 Mar 1815 New Jersey
Glodding, Joseph 4302957 Seaman Rattlesnake 14 Mar 1815 R.I.
Greaves, Thomas 4404785 Seaman Port Mahon 23 Feb 1815 Boston, Mass
Grey, John 4100094 Seaman Paul Jones 26 Apr 1815 Richmond, VA
Gwynn, Josh 4404930 Seaman Herald 22 Feb 1815 Salem, Mass
Hall, Thomas 4201708 Prize
Master
Surprize 18 Apr 1815 Maryland
Harman, Isaac 4404423 Quarter-
master
Elbridge Gerry 09 Nov 1814 Mass
Harris, Lamen 4100443 Seaman Magdalen 05 Mar 1814 Mass
Harris, William 4405116 Seaman Portsmouth 24 Nov 1814 N.H.
Harrison, Samuel 4303571 Seaman Hawk 06 Jan 1815 N.C.
Hart, James 4201508 Seaman Courier 08 Jul 1814 Conn
Hawley, Frederick 4302848 Seaman Royal William 05 Feb 1815 Wilmington
Haycock, Joseph 4506371 Gunner Syren 20 Mar 1815 Portland
Haywood, John 4303134 Seaman SciPion 06 Apr 1815 Maryland
Henderson, Alexander 4201780 Seaman Criterion 27 Dec 1814 Conn
Henry, James 4100572 Seaman Argus 03 Jul 1814 N.Y.
Hentey, Jacob 4506451 Seaman Jemmett 16 Apr 1815 Salem, Mass.
Heny, Daniel 4303595 Prize
Master
Frolic 25 Jan 1815 Salem, Mass
Hobday, Francis 4404041 Marine Rattlesnake 24 Feb 1814 Gloster, Mass
Holbrook, Ebenezer 4405793 Seaman Derby 09 Mar 1815 Mass
Holding, Henry 4303054 Seaman Sultan 06 Mar 1815 Boston, Mass
Holford, Elisha 4405853 Seaman Barfleur 05 Jan 1815 N.Y.
Holstein, Richard 4405144 Seaman Baroness
Longerville
25 May 1814 Virginia
Hopson, John 4202337 Seaman Snapdragon 14 Mar 1815 N.C.
Jack, John 4506514 Seaman Orontes 14 Mar 1815 Baltimore
Jackson, Thomas 4201162 Cook Hebrus 06 Jun 1814 N.Y.
Jackson, Thomas 4506520 Seaman Orontes 07 Apr 1815 N.Y.
Jarvis, Thomas 4405321 Seaman Industry 25 Jan 1815 Marblehead
Jenkins, Nathaniel 4201636 Seaman Tom 21 Feb 1815 Baltimore, Md
Jennings, John 4404846 Seaman Hawke 22 Feb 1815 Martha's Vineyard
Johannes, John 4404836 Seaman President 08 Jan 1815 St. Thomas
Johnson, John 4100132 Boatswain Criterion 01 Feb 1815 Rhode Island
Johnson, Joseph 4201347 Seaman Paul Jones 06 Apr 1815 Conn
Johnson, William 4201920 Seaman Antelope 09 Mar 1815 Philadelphia, Penn
Johnson, Wm Alexan. 4303574 Seaman William 02 Nov 1814 Charleston, N.C.
Jones, George 4100430 Seaman Viper 30 Apr 1814 New Orleans
Jones, Isaac 4404556 Seaman Hussar 23 Jan 1815 Boston, Mass
Jones, James 4404718 Seaman Hussar 27 May 1815 N.Y.
Jones, Stephen 4404707 Seaman Volunteer 04 Nov 1814 N.Y.
Jones, Thomas 4303434 Cook Growler 23 Feb 1815 Baltimore, Md
Jose, Emanuel 4405095 Seaman David Porter 25 Nov 1814 Portugal
Joseph, Pedro 4404810 Seaman President 25 Feb 1815 Guadalope
Kelley, John 4403756 Seaman Alfred 29 Mar 1815 Marblehead, Mass
King, Uriel 4403847 Seaman Dominique 03 Feb 1815 Mass
Kitre, Dumpy 4100491 Seaman Paul Jones 23 Dec 1814 North Carolina
Knabbs, William 4404798 Seaman President 26 Feb 1815 Baltimore, Md
Lackey, Joseph 4404486 Seaman Enterprise 04 Feb 1815 Mass
Lamb, Anthony 4405008 Seaman Grand Turk 22 Nov 1814 Conn
Larkin, Amos 4201768 Seaman Reynard 29 Jan 1815 Beverly, Mass
Larkin, Louis 4202240 Seaman Young Wasp 30 Sep 1814 Conn
Lawson, James 4100210 Steward Mars 05 Jan 1814 Africa
Lee, Richard 4506126 Seaman Grand Turk 19 Jun 1815 Marblehead
Lee, Richard Robert 4405537 Seaman Amelia 20 Jan 1815 Mass
Leman, Ambrose 4404824 Seaman President 24 Oct 1814 Carthagena
Lilley, Samuel 4404030 Seaman Rattlesnake 16 May 1815 Boston, Mass
Lippart Thomas D. 4100488 Prize
Master
Paul Jones 09 Mar 1815 Penn
Long, Joseph 4404460 Seaman Fame 29 May 1815 Mass
Louis, John 4201739 Seaman Hugh Jones 05 Aug 1814 New Orleans
Lovely, Placid 4303544 Seaman Hawk 01 Nov 1814 New Orleans
Loveridge, William 4404884 Seaman Saratoga 06 Apr 1815 New York
Man, Jabez 4100970 Seaman Siro 06 Apr 1815 Boston, Mass
March, Jesse 4405691 Seaman McDonough 05 Feb 1815 Mass
Marshall, Benjamin 4405245 Seaman Minden 27 Mar 1815 Maine
Marshall, John 4201752 Seaman Alchinene 08 Apr 1815 New Bedford, Mass
Marshall, Solomon 4405019 Seaman Mammouth 20 Nov 1814 Mass
Martin, Manuel 4201346 Seaman Paul Jones 22 Sep 1814 New Orleans
Meads, William 4303271 Seaman Snapdragon 24 Jul 1815 N.C.
Mendoza, Cesar N 4404811 Seaman President 25 Oct 1814 Carthagena
Menillo, John 4404917 Seaman Rattlesnake 18 Nov 1814 Baltimore, Md
Miller, Edward 4405014 Seaman Mammouth 23 Feb 1815 New Jersey
Miller, Richard 4202351 Seaman Snapdragon 20 Nov 1814 Penn
Mills, William 4201538 Seaman Zebra 24 Mar 1815 N.J.
Mingo, Albert 4403827 Passenger Quiz 25 Oct 1814 New Orleans
Mista, William 4405247 Seaman Atlantic 13 Feb 1815 Virginia
Mitchell, Ezekiel 4100237 Seaman Charlotte 12 Jan 1815 Mass
Mitchell, Reuben 4405500 Gunner No. 2 Gunboat 11 May 1815 Maryland
Monte, Charles 4403879 Seaman Fame 21 Feb 1815 San Antonio, Tex
Montgomery, John 4100754 Seaman impressed 24 Feb 1814 N.Y.
Moore, George 4506068 Seaman Chasseur 29 Mar 1815 Boston
More, Henry 4100654 Seaman Marmion 04 Jan 1814 N.Y.
Morrell, Jacob 4404871 Seaman Fox 27 Arp 1815 Mass
Murray, James 4100676 Seaman Messenger 17 Oct 1813 Maryland
Nash, Daniel 4303485 Seaman Prince 14 Feb 1815 Vermont
Norton, Edward 4302495 Seaman Frolic 29 Sep 1814 Mass
Osborne, John L. 4506406 Seaman Portsmouth 24 May 1815 Newbury Port
Packer, William 4405375 Seaman Derby 28 Nov 1814 Barnstable
Palmer, Joseph 4405054 Seaman Ida 17 Nov 1814 Portsmouth, N.H.
Parish, Samuel 4201507 Seaman Grand Napoleon 01 Apr 1815 Virginia
Parker, Thomas 4403842 Seaman Domonique 05 Nov 1814 Del
Pass, Samuel 4100892 Seaman Dart 12 Mar 1814 Not Given
Paul, Jonathan 4201998 Seaman Hind 09 Mar 1815 Mass
Peck, Thomas 4201332 Seaman Paul Jones 15 Mar 1815 Conn
Perigo, Joel 4405064 Seaman Ida 24 Nov 1814 Conn
Perkins, John 4100946 Carpenters
Mate
Siro 03 Nov 1814 Newhampton
Perkins, Joseph 4405553 Boy Lacey 20 Apr 1814 Mass
Peters, Aaron 4100661 Seaman Joel Barlow 14 Jan 1815 R.I.
Peterson, Jacob 4303588 Seaman John M. 04 Nov 1814 R.I.
Peterson, John 4506515 Seaman Orontes 01 Jun 1815 Albany
Peterson, Lawrence 4303629 Seaman Nonsuch 08 Jan 1815 Not Given
Pettingall, Joshua 4303297 Seaman Enterprise 07 Oct 1815 Salem, Mass
Pinkham, Jacob 4303100 Seaman Monmouth 25 Sep 1814 Mass
Polland, John 4405052 Seaman Ida 23 Nov 1814 Brazil
Porter, Gideon 4404737 Seaman Acteon 22 Mar 1815 Newport
Potter, John 4302854 Seaman impressed 05 Oct 1815 Philadelphia, Penn
Powsland, Edward 4302990 Seaman Frolic 08 Jun 1815 Beverly
Queenwell, Peter 4405629 Seaman Walker 27 Jan 1815 Dartmouth
Ranson, Joseph 4100700 Seaman Ned 01 Mar 1815 Philadelphia
Raysden, John 4403795 Seaman Pike 14 Feb 1815 N.Y.
Read, David 4404069 Seaman America 14 Nov 1814 Wiscasset
Read, William 4302696 Seaman Race Horse 03 Jun 1815 N.H.
Rennaben, Benjamin 4100482 Seaman Fox 16 Nov 1813 New Orleans
Ricks, Thomas 4201649 Seaman Bristol (taken in) 22 Jan 1815 N.Y.
Roberson, James 4201578 Seaman Price 01 Apr 1815 Mass
Roberts, John 4100486 Seaman gave himself up 12 May 1815 Baltimore, Md
Robinson, Samuel 4100298 Seaman Ducornau 15 Feb 1815 Boston, Mass
Robinson, William 4506264 Seaman Plutarch 18 Apr 1815 Philadelphia
Rogers, Luke 4404856 Seaman Fairy 13 Nov 1814 N.C.
Romel, Francis 4100829 Seaman Chesapeake 07 Feb 1815 San Sebastian
Roth, James 4405232 Seaman Mary 29 Dec 1814 Conn
Rowlinson, Thomas 4405137 Seaman Calabria 26 Nov 1814 Virginia
Salisbury, Joseph 4506442 Passenger Jemmett 13 Mar 1815 Newport
Saul, Francis 4202135 Seaman Mercurious 20 Oct 1814 cannot decipher
Saunders, William 4100218 Seaman Mars 16 Jan 1814 Mass
Sawyer, Jacob 4404788 Seaman impressed 25 Oct 1814 Providence, R.I.
Schew, Richard 4100851 Seaman Amiable 08 Feb 1814 N.Y.
Seapatch, John 4505889 Boy
(age 12)
Harlequin 07 Feb 1815 Mass
Shaw, William 4101038 Seaman Argus 17 Oct 1814 Philadelphia, Penn
Sheldon, Smith 4405847 Soldier Militia 19 Jan 1815 R.I.
Sherriden, Henry 4303187 Seaman SciPion 24 Jan 1815 N.Y.
Simmons, Thomas 4405571 Seaman Saratoga 20 Jan 1815 New Bedford, Mass
Simonds, David 4404479 Seaman Enterprise 22 Jan 1815 Mass
Simonds, Ebenezer 4404850 Seaman gave himself up 12 Jan1815 Newburyport, Mass
Simondson, Isaac 4404995 Seaman Invincible 20 Nov 1814 N.Y.
Smart, William 4405439 Seaman Elephant 05 Dec 1814 Virginia
Smith, Andrew 4201624 Seaman Tom 05 Mar 1815 Maryland
Smith, Nicholas 4404958 Seaman Herald 09 Jan 1815 Richmond, Va
Smith, Richard 4404194 Seaman General Kempt 14 Apr 1815 Salem, Mass
Smides, Rich 4404333 Seaman Flash 06 Mar 1815 N.Y.
Snell, Shadrach 4405842 Fifer 1st Regt Rifles 16 Mar 1815 R.I.
Squibb, Silus 4505976 Seaman Harpy 18 Mar 1815 New London
Stacey, Stephen 4405750 Seaman Ohio 16 Mar 1815 Marblehead, Mass
Stanwood, Timothy 4202145 Seaman Alboukir 20 Mar 1815 Newburyport, Mass
Steel, John 4100263 Seaman Wm. Bayard 15 Dec 1814 Maryland
Stone, John 4505888 Seaman Harlequin 05 Jan 1815 Arundel
Stove, Lewis 4403874 Seaman Tickler 21 Nov 1814 Conn
Strout, John 4100951 Seaman Siro 20 Jan 1815 Portland
Studdy, Richard 4303035 Seaman Amelia 03 Nov 1814 Virginia
Sutton, Martin 4405647 Seaman Lion 22 Feb 1815 New Bedford
Taylor, David 4405105 Seaman David Porter 19 Jun 1815 Philadelphia, Penn
Thomas, Abraham 4201504 Seaman Paul Jones 23 July 1814 Conn
Thomas, John 4303656 Seaman Elbert Gerry 25 Oct 1814 Not given
Thompson, Henry 4303470 Seaman Prince 21 Feb 1815 New York
Thompson, Thomas 4405314 Seaman Thomas 16 Jun 1815 N.Y.
Thomson, William 4100953 Cook Siro 18 Apr 1815 Haiti
Timerman, Matthew 4100743 Seaman Tom Thumb 26 Sep 1814 N.Y.
Toby, Elisha 4100794 Seaman True Blooded
Yankee
09 Mar 1814 Mass
Tomkins, Abraham 4403896 Seaman Governor Shelby 03 Nov 1814 N.Y.
Tophouse, Samuel 4405604 Soldier taken at
Washington
11 Feb 1815 Washington
Tremerin, Joseph 4506149 Seaman Mars 04 Jun 1815 Philadelphia
Tucker, James 4404219 Seaman Liberty 28 Apr 1815 Long Island
Turner, David 4405376 Seaman Derby 17 Mar 1815 Boston, Mass
Turney, John 4403985 Seaman Rattlesnake 05 Apr 1815 Mass
Tuttle, French 4201489 Seaman Leo 24 Nov 1814 Mass
Tyren, William 4100412 Seaman Viper 25 Feb 1814 North Carolina
Vaughan, Nathaniel 4100306 Seaman Ducornau 31 Aug 1814 Newport
Washington, John 4403936 Seaman Rolla 06 Apr 1815 Savanna, Ga
West, George 4202094 Seaman Malta 27 Jan 1815 Baltimore, Md
West, George 4405140 Seaman gave himself up 27 Jan 1815 Delaware
Whittan, John 4505895 Seaman Harlequin 18 Jan 1815 Portsmouth
Williams, Charles 4404236 Seaman Pilot 09 Mar 1815 New London, Conn
Williams, Edward 4101054 Seaman out of Russian
Ship
21 Mar 1815 Virginia
Williams, John 4201559 Seaman Caroline 14 Jan 1815 Conn
Williams, Joseph 4303442 Seaman Clorinde 01 Feb 1815 Martha's Vineyard
Williams, Samuel 4405811 Seaman Scorpion 15 Mar 1815 Mass
Williams, Thomas 4100414 Seaman Viper 20 Mar 1814 Conn
Williams, William 4303141 Seaman impressed 27 Oct 1814 Georgetown
Windyer, Joseph 4303376 Seaman Growler 06 Jan 1815 Marblehead, Mass
Young, William 4405559 Seaman Levant 21 Jan 1815 Mass

THE COMPLETE ILLUSTRATED HISTORY OF
DARTMOOR PRISON

The world's most famous prison
Written by former Dartmoor Prison Officer
Ron Joy

 

The Massacre of American Prisoners
'Captain Shortland went at the head of the soldiers and ordered all of the prisoners back. They refused and, as the bread wagon was at this moment making a delivery to the stores, there was a fear that the prisoners might attempt to take control. Again the order was given to return while the soldiers fixed bayonets and began to advance. They were about three paces from the prisoners but still the Americans stood firm and refused to back down. The order to charge was given and the prisoners instantly broke and ran as fast as possible to the safety of their prisons. There were thousands of Americans desperately trying to get back into the buildings but they could not do so quickly. The order to fire was given, there is some doubt as to who by, but the Americans later insisted that it was Captain Shortland. The soldiers obeyed and fired a full volley. The volleys were repeated for several rounds with prisoners falling dead and wounded all around.'

THE COMPLETE ILLUSTRATED HISTORY OF DARTMOOR PRISON by Ron Joy
2002

 



A Privateersman's Letters Home from Prison

by Bruce Felknor

Capt. George Duffy's POW Page brings us outstanding accounts of many of our fellow WW II veterans who were prisoners of war. Now the courtesy of an editor at Naval Institute Press enables me to share with you the remarkable letters from prison of a Yankee privateersman captured in the War of 1812. The editor is Kimberley A. VanDerveer, the production editor on my book "The U.S. Merchant Marine at War, 1775-1945." She is a direct descendant of the author of the letters, Perez Drinkwater of North Yarmouth, Maine. His letters were first published in the Machias [Maine] Union on May 3, 1881, when the War of 1812 was as recent as World War II is to us.

Perez Drinkwater was lieutenant of the privateer schooner "Lucy" when he was captured by the British Navy brig "Billerikin" in the last days of 1813. He was landed, with the rest of his crew, in the southwest of England, as he wrote to his brother Elbridge Drinkwater at home. It is obvious that he wrote repeatedly, but neither his earlier letters nor answers to them ever got through. In the first letter, five months into his incarceration, it is obvious that the experience had done nothing to sweeten his disposition toward his captors.

[In the letters below, I have added paragraphing, but left other punctuation and spelling untouched.]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


DARTMOOR PRISON Saturday Morning, May 20th, 1814

Dr. Brother -

. . .We arrived into Plymouth on the 20th of Janurary was put on board the [prison-ship] Brave on the 24th and was landed from her on the 31 and marched to this place in a snow storm. This Prison is situated on one of the highest places in England and it either snows or rains the whole year round and is cold enough to wear a great coat the whole time there is 10,000 of us here now but the French are about going home. . .

This is the first time that I was ever deprived of my Liberty and when I sit and think of it it almost deprives me of my sences for we have nothing else to do but sit and reflect on our preasant situation which is bad anough god noes for we have but 1 lb and a half of black bread and about 3 ounces of beef and a Little beef tee to drink and all that makes us one meal a Day the rest of the time we have to fast which is hard times for the days are very Long heir now I want to get out of heir before the war is over so that I can have the pleasure of killing one Englishman and drinking his blood which I think I could do with a good will for I think them the worst of all the human race for their is no crimes but what they are gilty of. . . .

. . . yisterday they called up 500 French men to go away their was one that had been in prison Nine years and had worn his blanket out so that he had but half of it to give those rebels and on that acount they sent him back and put him on the bottom of the books for exchangeing, the man took it so hard that he cut his throught and was found dead between the prison dores, and a thousand other such deeds they have been guilty of since we have been confined heir in this cursed place and a monght these rebels for I can call them nothing better and I shall never dye happy till I have had the pleasure of killing one of them which I am determined to do if an oppertunity ever offers to me to doe it. . . .

. . .we have plenty of creepers [insects such as bedbugs and lice] heir to turn us out in the morning, them and the Englishmen together don't Let us have much peace Day nor night for they are both enimyes to us and Likewise to peace and the more they can torment the human rase the better they are pleased. . . .

I hope that you will write to me every oppertunity that affored you to do for it would be a happy thing for me to heir from you I have wrote several Letters to you be fore and shall still continue to write every oppertunity, you must tell Sally to bare her misfortunes with as much fortitude as she can till my return I must conclude with wishing you all well. So god bless you all and be with you for I cannot.

From your sincere friend & Brother.

PEREZ DRINKWATER

ROYAL PRISON, Dartmore Oct. 12th 1814

Dear Sally -

It is with regret that I have to inform you of my unhappy situation that is, confined heir in a loathsom prison where I have wourn out almost 9 months of my Days; and god knows how long it will be before I shall get my Liberty again. . . . I cheer my drooping spirits by thinking of the happy Day when we shall have the pleasure of seeing you and my friends. . .

This same place is one of the most retched in this habbited world. . . neither wind nor water tight, it is situated on the top of a high hill and is so high that it either rains, hails or snows almost the year round for further partickulars of my preasant unhappy situation, of my strong house, and my creeping friends which are without number. . . .

. . .my best wishes are that when these few lines come to you they will find you, the little Girl [his daughter] my parents Brothers sisters all in good helth I have wrote you a number of letters since my inprisenment here and I shall still trouble you with them every oppertunity that affords me till I have the pleasure of receiving one from you which I hope will be soon. . . .

I am compeled to smugle this out of prison for they will not allow us to write to our friends if they can help it. . . . So I must conclude with telling you that I am not alone for there is almost 5,000 of us heir, and creepers a 1000 to one. . .

Give my Brothers my advice that is to beware of coming to this retched place for no tongue can tell what the sufferings are heir till they have a trial of it. So I must conclude with wishing you all well so God bless you all. This is from your even [ever] derr and beloved Husband.
PEREZ DRINKWATER

The Treaty of Ghent ended the war in December 1814, but Perez Drinkwater and several thousand other Americans languished in prison month after month. The following April he was still there when the wanton and brutal massacre (which he spells variously) of American prisoners was ordered by a drunken British officer.

Dartmoor Massacre

One survivor said the prisoners were wont to play ball in the prison yard. When a random ball would sail over the wall, the sentry would toss it back, but one day he refused. Several prisoners threatened to dig under the wall to retrieve it, and when he refused they started digging.

When the prison commander discovered this, he ordered all prisoners into the compound, where he had stationed squads of soldiers at eight different points, and now ordered them to fire. Perez writes below that only seven men were killed and thirty-eight wounded. Other accounts put the toll as high as hundreds of men, mostly American
seamen. Perez may have been citing only what he saw in his section. One tradition has it that most of the soldiers deliberately fired in the air. If so, it could explain a low death toll. However, two days after the massacre, and the very day before his release, Perez Drinkwater wrote to his father and mother with news of his impending freedom, and with a chilling postscript on the massacre.


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A.D. 1815 DARTMOOR PRISON Ap. 8th

Honored Parents

I have the pleasure to inform you that I am in good helth and my best wishes are that when these few lines Come to hand they may find you the same and all my frinds. Dowtless you have heird of the marcichre [massacre] of Dartmoor in which ther was 7 killed and 38 wounded, it was done on the 6th of this month, the soldiers fired on us when we were all in the yard about 5000 they fired on us in all directions and after we was [back] in the prison they killed a number in the prison.

It was one of the most retched things that ever took place Amonghts the savages much more amonghts peple that are the bullworks of our religion. I had the good fortin [fortune] to escape their fury, but they killed some while begging for mercy after being wounded they likewise kicked and mangle the dead right before our faces. Pain Perry of North Yarmouth was one that was wounded but not bad. . . .

I shall leave heir to morrow morning for London and from their to Crownstad and from their to Portland in the brig Albert of Portland I think it will be much more to my advantage than to return home in a corveat [corvette] as it will be some time before it comes to my turn. . . .

There is a number of men here that belong to Yarmouth, falmouth, freeport and Pownal that will inform you of the Late mascree [massacre] at this place . . . one of our Crew was killed in the Late Marseehree [massacre] his name was James Man two has died besid John Strout belonging to Portland tomorrow will be a happy day if I live to see it as I shall get my liberty Please to remember me to my friends & to my Wife I hope that you [will] assist her till my return which I hope will be in 4 months.I remain your obedient son,

PEREZ DRINKWATER

As to the massacre and the tradition that many of the riflemen deliberately missed, it should be noted that in that era British troops, and warships as well, placed little emphasis on aimed fire and great stress on rapid fire. The quality of mercy implied in the tradition was scarcely evident in the brutality that Perez reported to his parents. Prison has often been observed to brutalize jailers as well as prisoners.

Perez Drinkwater eventually did return home, and took up postwar life and activity incommunity affairs, and died an old man, full of age and honors.

Felknor, Bruce. From American Marine at War. www.usmm..org (2000).


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Fort Dearborn Massacre August 15, 1812 (Chicago, Illinois)

Long Description:
As a part of the 1795 Treaty of Greenville, the U.S. government acquired a parcel of land at the mouth of the Chicago River from Native Americans. Strategically important, the area became even more so after the acquisition of the Louisiana Territory in 1803. In that year Capt. John Whistler arrived in Chicago to build a fort named after Henry Dearborn, President Thomas Jefferson's secretary of war. It was located at what is now the intersection of Wacker Drive and Michigan Avenue at the foot of the Magnificent Mile.
In 1810, Whistler was recalled to Detroit, MI and was succeeded by Captain Nathan Heald. Heald brought his wife, and there were other women now at the fort as well, all wives of the men stationed there. Within two years, there were 12 women and 20 children at Fort Dearborn.

The first threat came to the fort with the War of 1812, a conflict that aroused unrest with the local Indian tribes, namely the Potawatomi and the Wynadot. The effects of the war brought many of the Indian tribes into alliance with the British for they saw the Americans as invaders into their lands. After the British captured the American garrison at Mackinac, General William Hull ordered that Heald should abandon Fort Dearborn and leave the contents to the local Indians, on the grounds that the fall of Mackinac made Ft. Dearborn’s defense untenable.

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Hull’s evacuation orders

SANDWICH July 29th 1812
Capt. Nat. Heald.

Sir: It is with regret I order the Evacuation of your Post owing to the want of Provisions only a neglect of the Commandant of [word illegible-possibly Detroit]. You will therefore Destroy all arms & ammunition, but the Goods of the Factory you may give to the Friendly Indians who may be desirous of Escorting you on to Fort Wayne & to the Poor & needy of your Post. I am informed this day that Makinac & the Island of St. Joseph will be Evacuated on acct of the scarcity of Provision & I hope in my next to give you an acct. of the Surrender of the British at Maiden as I Expect 600 men here by the beginning of Sept.

I am Sir
Yours &c
Brigadier Gen. Hull.
Addressed; Capt. Nathan Heald, Commander Fort Dearborn by Express.
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Early on the morning of August 15th, a procession of soldiers, civilians, women and children left the fort headed for Fort Wayne, IN. The infantry soldiers, headed by Capt. Wells, led the way, followed by a caravan of wagons and mounted men. The column traveled south a short distance along the then Lake Michigan shoreline. There was a sudden milling about of the scouts at the front of the line and then a shout came back that the Indians were attacking. A line of Potawatomi appeared over the edge of the sand ridge and fired down at the column. Totally surprised, the officers nevertheless managed to rally the men into a battle line, but it was of little use. So many of them fell from immediate wounds that the line collapsed. The Indians overwhelmed them with sheer numbers, flanking the line and snatching the wagons and horses.

This became known as the Fort Dearborn Massacre. The Potawatomi captured Heald and his wife and ransomed them to the British. Of the 148 soldiers, women and children who evacuated the fort, 86 were killed in the ambush.

After this attack, Native Americans burned the fort and the area was little inhabited until 1816 when the U.S. army returned to rebuild. Soldiers and traders returned to the area. The new fort was the center for military activity during the Black Hawk War, and area residents took refuge there as well. By 1840, the fort had outlived its military usefulness, but it was not demolished until 1857. Its last remnants burned in the Great Fire of 1871.

The site of the fort (this waymark) is now a Chicago Landmark and part of the Michigan-Wacker Historic District on the National Register of Historic Places (see my waymark WM4KXV.) There are numerous markers at the site (included in the Gallery) such as the relief entitled “Defense” on the bridgehouse, the plaques on the London (ironic!) Guarantee Insurance Building at 360 N. Michigan Avenue and the outline of the fort on the intersecting Michigan Avenue and Wacker Drive street corners.

The site of the Massacre is about 1¾ miles south of the fort location - an area where 16th Street and Indiana Avenue are now located. The shoreline has been pushed eastward over the years through landfill and now Soldier Field stands to the east of where the massacre took place. There used to be a statue and marker at the site of the massacre, but these have been removed to storage.

Maryland Historical Sites

Link For more information the War of 1812 in Maryland, the Chesapeake Campaign

 

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