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Shown Here unvailing Portraits

James Madison and Dolly Madison

Portraits on Display American Village Montevallo, Alabama

Portraits James and Dolly Madison

Standing in front of portraits is Kathy Madison Penton

A descendent of James Madison's brother William


Fort Mims


Mims, Fort, Massacre At took place on 30 August 1813 during the Creek Indian War. This "fort" was little more than a log stockade surrounding the home of Samuel Mims. The militia captain Daniel Beasley and a force of some 170 had occupied the post. In early August, the captain divided his forces among several nearby stockades, leaving only forty defenders at Mims. Beasley, a lawyer with no military knowledge, owed his position to political patronage. On 29 August 1813, he received word from two slaves that they had seen Creek Indians nearby. When a militia patrol failed to confirm the sighting, Beasley had the slaves flogged. Less than twenty-four hours later, around noon, a force of approximately one thousand Creek warriors assaulted the gates, which Beasley had left wide open, believing he could hold the fort against "any number of hostiles." The fighting and post-battle slaughter killed approximately 250 settlers. Word of the massacre became a rallying cry for regional settlers and helped seal the fate of the Creek Nation.



Fort Mims Marker



Horseshoe Ben Bulletin Board

Circulating Library Display Horseshoe Bend

Video Battle of Horseshoe Bend Created for Alabama Charter Chapter
by Member Linda Shabo Click Here

Other Good Sources Alabama, Georgia and Southern States Historical Sites and Events SEE
An example in Fort Mitchell near Phoenix City, Alabama

Fort Mitchell, an important post of the Creek War of 1813-1814, was built in what is now Russell County, Alabama, by troops under the command of General John Floyd. Floyd's army, marching west from Georgia was one of three forces sent by the United States to subdue the Red Stick movement in the Creek Nation. An internal civil war in the nation had spilled over to involve the white following battles at Burnt Corn and Fort Mims, Alabmaa during the summer of 1813. Named for Governor David B. Mitchell of Georgia, the original fort was a large rectangular stockade thrown up by Floyd's men as they advanced on Autossee, an important Creek village on the Tallapoosa River.

Built on a high hill overlooking the Chattahoochee River, Fort Mitchell served as a base for Floyd's movements and he returned there to allow his wounded men to recover following the successful attack on Autossee.

A second expedition against the Red Sticks was launched from Fort Mitchell in 1814, but nearly ended in disaster when desperate warriors almost overran Floyd's army at the Battle of Calabee Creek. The fort also served as a base for one of the last campaigns of the War of 1812. An expedition led by Colonel Benjamin Hawkins left Fort Mitchell in early 1815 and descended the Chattahoochee River to engage a British force positioned on the Florida line. The campaign ended without much fighting, however, when news arrived of the end of the war. The two sides met in peace and Hawkins and his men, most of whom were Creek warriors, returned to Fort Mitchell.

The military significance of the first Fort Mitchell continued though the First Seminole War of 1817-1818. Lt. Col. Duncan L. Clinch led a battalion of the 4th. Infantry Regiment down the Chattahoochee from the fort in 1816 to establish Fort Gaines on the line marking the lands given up by the Creek Nation at the Treaty of Fort Jackson. The men went on to participate in the campaign against the "Negro Fort" on the Apalachicola River during the summer of that year. Fort Mitchell was an important base during the Creek War of 1836 and becaume the starting point of the Creek Trail of Tears.


The Jackson Trail refers to the route Jackson carved out through Alabama and contains sites associated with Jackson.  Maps showing the "Jackson Trail," his route, are available at the Archives in Montgomery. Groups (historical associations and others) who are interested in marking this route are encourged to pay for and erect historical markers along the route. Markers should be approved by the Alabama Historical Association. Because money decided whether a marker will be placed at any location
many encampments and other important places on Jackson's route have not been graced by historical markers. A number of markers, however, have and some sites which are connected with Jackson and the War of 1812 have been considered as part of the Jackson Trail. Here, this chairman refers to such as Fort Mims, site of the massacre where the Creek War began in Alabama, unless one considers the Battle of Burnt Corn. The Indian view was that the Tenesaw settlers began the war by attacking them first at Burnt Corn. We also have Fort Mitchell (see above) and Fort Williams whose history is detailed on this chairman's Alabama Trails web site. One of the first Jackson markers in Alabama was that placed "In memory of Jackson," by the Fort Williams Association. Click ,

THE JACKSON TRACE is used to refer to the route traced through the wilderness by Jackson's Army in 1814 during the Horseshoe Bend Campaign where he fought several battles in Talladega County. SEE

The graves of some of those who died in the Battle of Talladega are located in Oak Hill Cemetery (Talladega). The Daughters of the American Revolution placed a marker in Oak Hill Cemetery which lists the names of 1812 soldiers. The Rachel Jackson Chapter (Alabama Society U.S. Daughters of 1812) located a marker for the "Jackson Trace" that had been placed near Huntsville, Alabama in 1912 by the Alabama Society during the administration of Maud McLure Kelly who founded the Alabama Society U.S. Daughters of 1812. There is a tendency to confuse "The Jackson Trace" with theJackson's Military Road that was a route from Nashville, Tennessee to New Orleans, Louisiana that was begun in 1816, after the War of 1812. and named after Andrew Jackson.



    Fort Mitchell

    Arkansas Honors Black War of 1812 Patriot Peter Cauder

    Daughters of 1812 and the General Society War of 1812 for their efforts to update the memorial fountain on the Capitol grounds.

    Arkansas National Guard Command Sgt. Maj. Steven Veazey had a loved one added to the memorial. Additionally, Jayson Holt and Jerriah Brown from Little Rock's Parkview High School acted as Peter Caulder and his wife, Eliza Hall Caulder, respectively. Peter Caulder was a freed slave who fought in the War of 1812 and is the first black man to have his name added to the memorial.

    Pioneer expelled by Arkansas honored; monument on state Capitol lawn adds black 1812 soldier

    by Hunter Field | September 24, 2017 at 4:30 a.m.
    University of Arkansas at Fort Smith professor Billy Higgins speaks Friday at a rededication event for the state’s War of 1812 Memorial Fountain, during which the Arkansas chapter of the U.S. Daughters of the War of 1812 honored Peter Caulder, the first black soldier to have his name added to the fountain.

    Arkansas kicked Peter Caulder -- along with other free black people -- out of the state in the mid-1800s. Now it's honoring him.

    The black pioneer's name was etched Friday onto the War of 1812 Memorial Fountain on the southeast lawn of the state Capitol beside the names of dozens of other soldiers who fought the British in the early 19th century.

    Gov. Asa Hutchinson also proclaimed Friday as Peter Caulder Remembrance Day, and the Arkansas chapter of the U.S. Daughters of the War of 1812 honored Caulder with a ceremony at the foot of the monument.

    Billy Higgins, a University of Arkansas at Fort Smith professor, spoke briefly about Caulder at the ceremony. Higgins wrote a book, A Stranger and a Sojourner: Peter Caulder, Free Black Frontiersman in Antebellum Arkansas, about Caulder's life.

    "Peter Caulder is a genuine hero of mine," Higgins said in an interview, noting that it was gratifying to see the subject of his book celebrated.

    The War of 1812 Memorial Fountain was erected on the Capitol grounds in 1917 to honor veterans of the war who had ties to Arkansas -- many of whom homesteaded in the Natural State after the conflict. At the time, only a few soldiers were known.


    Over the past century though, researchers have discovered that more than 700 who fought in the War of 1812 had Arkansas ties. Because of the size of the monument, only about 60 names are displayed.

    Caulder is among three names to be added to the monument since the early 2000s, when the site was refurbished.

    Capitol historian David Ware said the marker is likely his favorite on the Capitol grounds because of its understated nature and functionality. As any passers-by who have visited it on hot day can attest, the water fountain still works.

    "If this monument is not forgotten, the names on it aren't forgotten, and the 700 others aren't forgotten," Ware told about 40 people who gathered Friday.

    Caulder was born in South Carolina in 1795, joining the 3rd U.S. Rifles in 1814 after British troops burned Washington, D.C.

    The U.S. Army listed Caulder, who was of African descent, as a "colored man," and several U.S. Censuses labeled him "mulatto."

    Caulder and several other black soldiers came to Arkansas down the Arkansas River with an elite rifle regiment assigned to man the westernmost military outpost, which later became Fort Smith.

    After serving a decade there, Caulder married the daughter of a free black pioneer who had settled near the White River in Marion County.

    Caulder was illiterate, signing his name with "X," but he and his family built a successful life in Marion County for more than 30 years.

    Higgins, whose book was published by the University of Arkansas Press in 2004, said Caulder, his wife and seven children were integrated and interacted frequently with their white neighbors.

    Higgins spent about seven years tracing Caulder through old county and census records.

    "I wouldn't have worked this hard if I didn't really admire Peter Caulder," Higgins said.

    Caulder's time in Arkansas ended abruptly after the Arkansas General Assembly passed a law in 1859 that mandated any free people categorized as "black" or "mulatto" leave Arkansas within a year or be enslaved.

    The Caulders fled their land, moving to southern Missouri. At that point, Caulder's paper trail ends, but Higgins found traces of his descendants in Bollinger County, Mo., years later.

    Descendants of Caulder still live in Missouri; they're now white.

    Metro on 09/24/2017

    Print Headline: Pioneer expelled by state honored; Monument adds black 1812 soldier




    Metro Atlanta / State News 5:59 a.m. Wednesday, March 7, 2012

    Famous sword back where ‘it should be’

    By Bill Hendrick

    Daniel Appling Sword Recovered

    Susan Lemesis and Dianne Cannestra stand with David Carmicheal, state archivist, holding the Appling sword, which was awarded to native son Daniel Appling for heroism.

    For the AJC

    The deal went down clandestinely in broad daylight in the heart of downtown CharlotteIt wasn’t illegal, but the parking lot arms swap was done surreptitiously because the item involved is worth upward of $100,000 and “absolutely priceless” to Georgia history..The War of 1812 sword, awarded by the General Assembly to native son Daniel Appling for heroism, finally has been brought home to the Georgia Archives by Dianne Cannestra, president of the Friends of Georgia Archives and History, a nonprofit fundraising group, and Susan Lemesis, co-chair of the Appling Sword Campaign.It had been lost since 1907 but was found by a fluke in 2010 by a former archivist while thumbing through Antiques magazine in a barbership. He reported the discovery to state archivist David Carmicheal, who enlisted the aid of FOGAH to help raise enough funds in a weak economy to purchase it from its owner, dealer Kelly Kinzle of New Oxford, Pa.

    Appling led a small band of riflemen who defeated a large force of British soldiers in the Battle of Sandy Creek in New York on May 29, 1814.The Legislature honored him in 1814, voting to present “an elegant sword” for his “cool and deliberate valor.” But Applingdied before the blade was presented and it became state property.The state loaned it out for inclusion in Georgia’s 1907 exhibit at the 300th anniversary of the founding of Jamestown, but then it vanished.

    No one knows where it was until Kinzle bought it from a trust that had owned it for 20 years. His initial asking price was $250,000 but he came down to $100,000 “because it should be in Georgia. It’s incredible, an American icon.”

    The Georgia attorney general’s office determined the owner had no obligation to return it. That’s when Cannestra, Lemesis and 100 or so other volunteers went to work, holding fundraisers and finally accumulating the asking price.

    Just recently, the two Roswell women checked into a Charlotte hotel. Kinzle showed up at their door, but without the sword, which was in a battered gun case in his car, which he didn’t take into the hotel because “it might have looked suspicious.” And Cannestra didn’t want to hand him the cashier’s check until the sword was in her hands.“He pulled his vehicle beside ours, and it looked like a drug deal was going down,” she says. “I spooked.”

    Lemesis says she’s surprised “no one called the police.”

    Carmicheal says the sword now rests in a high security vault, and plans are to turn it over to the state, then move it to the Hall of Valor in the Capitol, hopefully before the 200th anniversary in June of the start of the war. Gov. Nathan Deal’s office says he will accept it in a ceremony in the next few months.

    “It’s in a scabbard, which is fragile,’’ Carmicheal says. “FOGAH is going to raise more money to build an education module featuring the sword. It is very exciting to have it back.”

    “The sword is special,” Lemesis says. “Now we need to raise more money for restoration and a plaque and box for the Capitol.

    Pictured above the Commemorative Boulder Placed by Alabama's First Alabama Society U.S.D President Maud McLure Kelly in 1912 at Beaty's Spring
    Found and Submitted by the Rachel Jackson Chapter Alabama Society. It is likely that Jackson and his men camped near here in 1813.
    Jackson grouped his militia in Fayetteville, arriving in Huntsville, Alabama on October 12, 1813. Report that he and his men proceeded to
    Horseshoe Bend in 1813 is inaccurate. Jackson's "army" was comprised of militia whose term of service was for only three months, and
    Governor Blout of Tennessee questioned Jackson's ability to lead an army. General JamesWilkinson had been promoted to the rank of Major General
    in March 1813 and given overall command. It is Wilkinson, who in spite of questions raised regarding his loyalty, that successed in leading the only successful
    military operation conducted in the Mississippi Territory in 1813 by any American Army.. Wilkinson took Mobile. Jackson and the men he raised in
    Tennessee were forced to return home to Tennessee. Jackson did not secure a command until the following year, 1814. The Battle of Horseshoe Bend
    was fought on March 27, 1814.

    Idealized Portrait of General Jackson and His Lady from the Hermitage Collection
    Contributed by the Rachel Jackson Chapter






    CONNECTICUT Report from Betty Oderwald, State President.

    Article from Republican-American 3 Jul 1811: Groups plan Bicentennial for Overlooked War of 1812.

    Feature Article:

    Groups plan bicentennial for overlooked War of 1812

    The United States of America declared its independence from Great Britain in 1776, but two Connecticut groups are reminding the public that it took 36 more years — and a second war — to guarantee that independence.

    Close to 60 people in the state, all descended from men who served in the War of 1812, are preparing for its bicenten­nial anniversary, which will be­gin next year.

    “It’s a wonderful tribute to those who helped fight our sec­ond war of independence,” said Ken Roach, president of the So­ciety of the War of 1812 in the State of Connecticut. The society, which has 32 male members, is complement­ed by 27 female members of the Connecticut State Society Unit­ed States Daughters of 1812.

    The two groups work to keep the history of the war alive by preserving records, artifacts, grave sites and historic spots related to the war. Like the Daughters and Sons of the American Revolution, mem­bers of both societies must use genealogic records to prove they are descended from some­one who served in the war or was a high-level government official during that time.



    From left, Ken Roach of Windsor, Stephanie Lantiere of Watertown and Ruth Olsen of Groton look over burial records of veterans of the War of 1812 beside the memorial plaque at the Capitol in Hartford on Monday. The Daughters of the War of 1812 and the Sons of the War of 1812 were at the Capitol to raise awareness about the war's bicentennial next year. Top, this painting by Russell Buckingham, exhibited in the Connecticut River Museum, depicts the 1814 burning of the American naval fleet in Essex. The British burned 27 ships in what was the largest loss of American ships until Pearl Harbor.

    Aficionados say many people they come into contact with have never heard of the War of 1812, sometimes known as "the forgotten war." The three-year conflict started June 18, 1812, when President James Madison signed a war declaration against Great Britain. The United States accused Britain of blocking American trade rights, forcing American sailors into the British navy and seizing American ships during the British conflict with France.

    The most that many know of the War of 1812 is the story of the British burning down the White House, when First Lady Dolley Madison refused to flee before she rescued a portrait of George Washington. Francis Scott Key wrote "The Star-Spangled Banner" during the War of 1812, not the Revolutionary War as many think.

    "That's the goal, to set the record straight on so many little things like that," said Ida Ransom of Thompson, the registrar for the state Daughters of 1812. "I have met people who are very American, Yankees from the get-go, who didn't know there was a War of 1812." The war did not just take place farther south, society members are quick to note. Between 5,000 and 6,000 fought in the war from Connecticut, where Stonington was attacked and Essex burned. Representatives from several New England states who opposed the war convened in Hartford and proposed to secede from the country.

    "It wasn't popular," said Chris Nichols of Prospect, secretary and treasurer for the men's society in the state.

    Crowds jeered his ancestor, Isaac Nichols, and a group of state militiamen as they mustered in Watertown. Isaac Nichols was later involved in the defense of New London.

    Sandwiched between the sesquicentennial anniversary of the Civil War and the centennial anniversary of World War I, society members fear the War of 1812's bicentennial anniversary could be forgotten as well.

    "The Civil War is going to get the press," Nichols said. "1812 is going to be a footnote."

    Not that society members have anything against commemorating the other wars.

    Attending the Re-Dedication ceremony at the Gunntown Cemetery
    From L to R Christopher Nichols, Damien Cregeau, Timothy Jacobs, Kenneth Roach, Rev. Jerry Carroon, and Betty Oderwald.

    The Annual Meeting of the Connecticut Society was held at the Milestone Inn in Naugatuck, CT. The meeting was attended by Mrs. Betty Oderwald, President of the Connecticut State Society United States Daughters of 1812. Mrs. Oderwald gave a presentation on the projects currently under way by the Daughters followed by a discussion of Connecticut's participation in the War of 1812 to include the Hartford Convention. Following the Luncheon, a Grave Re-Dedication ceremony was held at the Gunntown Cemetery in Naugatuck for Private Isaac Nichols, Connecticut State Troops, War of 1812. Private Nichols is the 4th Great Grandfather of the newly elected Secretary/Treasurer of the Connecticut Society, Christopher Nichols.

    Charles Nichols and his Family
    At the Rededication of his 4th. Great-Grandfather's Headstone

    This chairman is indebted to Betty Oderwald. From her I have become more aware that history is complicated. The New England States had not wanted to go war against England. Once the war began, however, New England privateers challenged Britain on the high seas. I have included an account of the heroic defense of Stonington where during the War of 1812 a substantial British naval squadron attacked a small coastal village, employing more than 160 cannon and firing more than fifty tons of shells, rockets, missiles, and cannonballs against only three cannons in a makeshift fort. On August 12, 1814, having failed to do whatever it was they intended to do, the British withdrew. In The Battle of Stonington: Torpedoes, Submarines and Rockets in the War of 1812, James Tertius de Kay finds much about the encounter puzzling--that a distinguished British naval officer launched such an attack in the first place, that Stonington resisted so nervily, that so little damage was done, and so little blood shed. Still, the story of the battle was trumpeted about the nation, one of the few instances of heroism in a war largely lacking either victories or heroes.
    Commentary above is quoted from "The Glorious Tenth, Stonington's Own History," by James Boylan. For more info re. See Link to 1812 State Histories under Connecticut.

    Betty has provided an account of a curious truce negotiated with the British commander of the blockading squadron which allowed a New England congregation to complete construction of a church. St. George's Episcopal Church in Jewett City voted to on November 17, 1814 to ask the the Governor to "signify his approbation and consent" for General Cushing to provide the means to go to the Commander of his Britanic Majesty's Squadron off New London to obtain the materials which had been ordered for the construction of the church, but had been interdicted by the blockade. The Letter is signed by Perry M. Haskell, Society Clerk and dated Jewitt City, November 18th. Governor John Cotton Smith granted the request on 22 Nov 1814.

    ta, Curator at Mystic Seaport and guest curator for this exhibition, is excited about this show. “We don’t often have opportunities to address naval history at Mystic Seaport, so the chance to partner with these other organizations and share naval and militia stories allows me to focus on special interests of my own.” Gordinier is also thrilled to contribute to the project, “It is almost unheard of to have five separate organizations cooperating on a project of this scope. By combining our stories and collections we have created a major exhibit that will have a huge impact.”



    Contributed Photo

    Contributed Photo

    The tombstone of Frederick W. Hubbell in Southford cemetery notes he was a member of Company B, of the 20th Regiment. He served in that unit at Gettysburg. Photo courtesy of




    GEORGIA Report from Rebecca M. West, State Chairman Public Relations who notes a "tremendous upswing in the reporting of publicity in the 2011 reporting year."Unfortunately, although three chapters: General John Clarke, General John Baytop Scott and Sergeant Benjamin Exum reported a total of 100 column inches of publicity articles published in Georgia newspapers, this chairman did not receive copies of the actual articles that were published for the Scrap Book and has no idea what the articles were about or where and when (date) they were published.

    Chairman West is herself an excellent publicist, as also is Susan Lemensis, Georgia's Honorary State President. I quote from Chairman West's report:
    Rebecca West sent Letters to the Editor to newspapers throughout the state of Georgia. Each of her letters concentrated on a topic relating to the War of 1812:The Appling Sword Campaign, The Star Spangled Banner and the origin of Uncle Sam. Several of her letters were published in newspapers. Chairman West is to be congratulated for creating effective narrative features that focused attention on U.S. Daughters of 1812. Included is an example of her essay entitled: Yes, There Really Was an "Uncle Sam."Whereas some of our members may be familiar with this story, Chairman West has converted it into an effective propaganda tool.

    Yes, There Really Was an "Uncle Sam".

    Many people are surprised to learn that "Uncle Sam," most famously depicted on a recruiting poster for the U. S. Army, was a real person. He was Samuel Wilson.
    .According to family Bible records, Samuel Wilson was born September 13, 1766, in Old Menotomy (now Arlington), Massachusetts, the fourth son in a family of 13 children. Samuel was going on nine years of age on April 18, 1775, when Paul Revere rode down the Medford Road and past the Wilson farm toward Lexington, warning the locals that the British troops were on the march. The next day, a convoy of supplies sent by British Lord Percy took a wrong turn and was captured by the old men of Menotomy, who hid the wagons on the Wilson land and shared the unexpected bounty. Young Samuel witnessed these events, which undoubtedly made a strong impression on him. After the American Revolution, the Wilson family moved to New Hampshire. In 1789 Sam and his brother Ebenezer decided that they would travel to Troy, New York to set up a brick-making business. From relatives and passing travelers they learned of this thriving community and hoped to make their fortunes there. In 1793 the brothers began a meat-packing business, and before long they were slaughtering up to 150 head of cattle a day. By the time the War of 1812 was being fouhgt in earnest, the Wilson brothers had an extensive meat-packing business employing more than 100 men and slaughtering almost 1,000 head of cattle per week. The Wilson brothers received a governnment contract for 11 months to supply 2,000 barrels of prime pork and 3,000 barrels of prime beef, "all to be packed in full bound barrels of white oak." The governmnet order was so large that the Wilson brothers had to open their own cooperage to make the oak barrels. At his juncture, Sam was appointed a meat inspector. After inspection, each barrel was stamped "U.S., the abbreviation for "United States." According to one legend a contingent of British troops captured a shipment of meat and oe soldier asked the meatpacker what the "U.S." stood for and the man replied, "Oh, that just stands for Uncle Sam. We always put his name on." Because of his large commercial enterprise, everyone in Troy knew him, and within a short time everything that belonged to the federal governmnet carried the sobriquet: " Uncle Sam's wagons," "Uncle Sam's payroll," Uncle Sam's military," and so on. Periodicals from 1814 are full of such references. Samuel Wilson died in Troy on July 31, 1854. He was buried the next day in Mount Ida Cemetery, but his body was later removed to Oakwood Cemetery in that city. A photograph taken of him late in life does show him with white hair and a small goatee, but not exactly as portrayed by James Montgomery Flagg in the recruitment poster. Nevertheless, " Uncle Sam" has been an integral part of our national identity for almost 200 years.

    The National Society United States Daughters of 1812 is a volunteer women's service organization dedicated to promoting patriotism and to preserving and increasing knowledge of history of the American people- specifically from the close of the American Revolution to the close of the War of 1812 (1784-1815). The members of the Georgia Society encourage you to learn more about the War of 1812, America's "Second War of Independence." To learn more about our organization, visit Submitted by Rebecca M. West, State of Georgia Chairman Public Relations.


    Susan Lemensis Speaker and Fundraiser
    Here shown speaking to the Alabama Charter Chapter, Birmingham, AL
    Left to Right: Carolyn Drennen, Chapter President, Susan Lemensis, and Linda Shabo, First-Vice.

    Susan Lemensis and Dianne Cannestra have since this chairman began reporting carried the Appling Sword Campaign to a successful conclusion, having raised the $100,000 needed to buy back the sword from a private dealer. For more information about Daniel Appling and the Appling Sword Camapaign SEE For a picture of this lovely sword.

    Daniel Appling Sword Project- Georgia Daughters of 1812 raised funds to to purchase the Appling Sword from a private antique dealer and place it in the Georgia Capitol Museum. The Appling Sword, an elaborate ceremonial sword, was purchased by the Georgia General Assembly in 1814 to be presented to Daniel Appling, a hero of the War of 1812. Appling, however, died before the sword could be presented and the sword subsequently was lost after it was made part of an exhibition intended to celebrate the 300th. anniversary of the founding of Jamestown. FOR LATEST NEWS APPLING SWORD, SEE LINK ANNOUCEMENTS 2012.

    Daniel Appling is known as Georgia's most prominent soldier in the War of 1812. His reputation stems from an action at the Battle of Sandy Creek on Lake Ontario in upstate New York in 1814. There Appling's command of around 130 riflemen and a similar number of Oneida Indians ambushed and force of 200 British marines and prevented them from seizing naval stores and guns that the American navy was moving by boat to Sackets Harbor. He later distinguished himself in the Battle for Plattsburgh, New York. He was born in 1787 in Columbia County and died in 1817. Current research indicates that he died in Georgia on March 5, 1817.

    Georgia reported four grave markings: Barnabus Arthur and Thomas Taylor, Pickens County, Georgia, Real Daughter Laurette Bates Hulsey, Hall County, Georgia and William Thames, Clayton County, Georgia by the General John Floyd Chapter. Information submitted by Elaine Thames, a descendant, at the request of Betty Harrah, General Floyd Chapter. Report includes details of William Thames service who was born in Cumberland County, NC who served with his brothers Thomas Jefferson Thames and Samuel Thames. He was discharged from service 8 March, 1815 at Darien, Georgia, having served in Captain Cyrus White's Company of Georgia militia. He married twice, the second time when he was 76 years of age to Susan Weaver who was only 32 years of age when they married. He and Susan Weaver had three children together, one of these being Susan Camilla Thames Seymour whose grave was marked by members of her General John Floyd Chapter.


    Photo of General John Floyd Chapter Members at Marking William Thames
    Clayton County, Georgia 24th September, 2011
    Center of Photo (aqua suit) State President Dianne Cannestra
    Photos courtesy of General John Floyd Chapter
    Elaine and Betty Harrah

    Bagpipers at William Thames Marking
    Photo Courtesy of Elaine Thames

    ILLINOIS Report from Kathleen E. Haas





    Grave Markings: The Sagamon River Chapter marked the graves of Bailey Gough and Samuel Ashmore and the Kaskaskia Chapter marked the grave of Isham Reavis. The Illinois U.S.D. 1812 participated in a grave marking conducted by the Illinois Society War of 1812 for Ancil Cox, Andrew Sample, David Sample and Richard Wood at the Sulphur Springs Cemetery, Morgan County, Illinois.

    Grave marking ceremony honoring Samuel Ashmore
    held on Saturday, July 16, 2011
    Berry Cemetery, Oakland, Illinois

    Carole Wylder and Mary Barringer attended the grave marking
    ceremony honoring Ancil Cox, Andrew Sample, David Sample, and Richrd Wood
    at Sulphur Springs Cemetery in Morgan County, Illinois on May 6, 2011

    For Web Site: Illinois Society U.S.D. of 1812 CLICK Here

    For Kaskaskia Chapter Web Site: CLICK

    Members of the Kaskaskia Chapter and descendants of Isham Reavis are shown at the gravemarking ceremony held on September 11, 2011 at Old Edwards Cemetery,
    Fayette County, Illinois. Isham Reavis was born in Surry Co., N.C. in 1779. He died in Bond Co., IL on September 24, 1844. Reavis, the son of Henry Reavis and Poly Bickerstaff, married first Mary Reavis and second Nancy Rhodes.

    His descendants:: Cynthia A., Elizabeth, Priscilla, Elisabeth Delilah, Amanda Melvina Fitzallen, Zachary Taylor, Ewing H., Hiram Wilbulrton, Isham Terrill, Mathilda, and Jonas Rhodes Reavis.

    Kaskaskia Chapter members Lola DeGroff and Jessie Maas
    attended the gravemarking for Bailey Gough at the Hardin Cemetery
    in Greene County on April 30, 2011

    The Kaskaskia Chapter and the Illinois Society War of 1812
    held a flag day program in front of the Bond County Court House

    From Kaskaskia Web Site

    Did you know that there were at least 94 known different Forts and blockhouses scattered across the southern part of the Illinois Territory that were active as shelters for the duration of the war? In Greenville, Illinois, where our chapter is located, we are fortunate to be associated with the local Hills Fort. 

    The Hill's Fort Society is a federal non-profit historic corporation. The American Farm Heritage Museum near Greenville, Illinois (map) has offered land on their site for the reconstruction of Hill's Fort. A cabin was the first building constructed, and the blockhouse such as it would have looked around the time of the War of 1812 is nearly complete. A smaller cabin and palisade walls are next. The Hill's Fort Society mission is to collect, preserve, and share an important part of our nations' history. As a federal non-profit historic corporation, we focus on the history of Bond County and Early Illinois, as well as the Forts of Illinois.Hills Fort played an important part in the opening of the Northwest Territory, making the fort a significant part of our heritage.

    The British made alliances with various Indian tribes encouraging and supporting attacks on settlers. The increasing hostilities on the vast frontier were a leading cause of the War of 1812 with Great Britain, lasting until February of 1815.

    With expansion of the settlements in the Illinois Country it became necessary to build a string of forts to serve as military stations to protect the scattered settlers from Indian attacks. Three forts were built in Bond County: Jones, Lindley, and Hill's Fort.

    Hill's Fort may have been built as early as 1806 at the time of settler arrival. Records indicate that it was in existence in 1808. The fort location appears on an 1808 survey map by Capt. Isaac Hill, leader of a team commissioned by Thomas Jefferson to survey the Illinois Territory. The fort consisted of a blockhouse and stockade enclosing two cabins.

    Three separate Indian attacks are associated with Hill's Fort. June 2, 1811, the Cox family cabin north of Pocahontas was attacked, with one child killed and one kidnapped. In August 1812, Henry Cox and his son were killed at their cabin site on Beaver Creek. On September 9, 1814, thirteen Rangers and civilians were bush-wacked outside the fort. Four were killed and three injured.

    CLICK Here Illinois War of 1812 Society

    Brave sons of the West,
    the blood in your veins
    At danger's approach waited not for persuaders;
    You rushed from your mountains, your hills, and your plains,
    And followed your streams to repel the invaders.


    Report by Edith Harper Key, State Public Relations Chairman. Newspaper Publicity, included newspaper articles with her report. Click Here Grave Markings and Here for Jonathan Jennings Chapter web site

    See Also: Bicentennial Web Site with Educational Resources for School Children, University of Indiana
    Vigo County (Four Star Web Site)****
    For Grades 3-5:

    .For Grades 6-8:


    The Battle of the Mississinewa, also known as Mississineway, was an expedition ordered by William Henry Harrison against Miami Indian villages in response to the attacks on Fort Wayne and Fort Harrison in the Indiana Territory. The battle is significant as the first American victory in the War of 1812. The site is near the city of Marion, Indiana.

    Today, the location is the site of Mississinewa 1812, the largest War of 1812 reenactment in the United States, which is held every October. The annual festival draws thousands of visitors from all over the world. In 2004, a large memorial was unveiled and is currently on display near the Mississinewa River in downtown Marion.




    Report from Ruth Korseborn, State President and Public Relations Chairman

    Participated in Placement of Highway Marker at General Frederick Geiger's home in Linden Hill, Kentuck. Including Article from September 14, 1811 Courier Journal

    Martha Elson | The Courier-Journal
    The Courier Journal
    September 14, 2011 ET
    Bill Geiger recalls riding by the site of the historic Linden Hill home on Frankfort Av­enue in Butchertown many times on his way downtown with his fam­ily decades ago.
    In lat­er years, he heard about the exis­tence of the home of a dis­tant an­ces­tral grandfa­ther, Col. Fred­erick Geiger

    Martha Elson | The Courier-Journal
    The Courier Journal
    September 14, 2011 ET
    Bill Geiger recalls riding by the site of the historic Linden Hill home on Frankfort Av­enue in Butchertown many times on his way downtown with his fam­ily decades ago.
    In lat­er years, he heard about the exis­tence of the home of a dis­tant an­ces­tral grandfa­ther, Col. Fred­erick Geiger, but only found out re­cently that it was Linden Hill.
    "I knew it was on Frankfort Av­enue, but I had no idea where," Geiger said.
    Geiger, who now lives in Florida and spends summers at a fam­ily farm in New Cas­tle in Henry County, made the connection to Linden Hill af­ter learning through his son in Georgia about a cer­emo­ny at noon Sat­urday to ded­icate a state high­way histor­ical marker in front of the home at 1607 Frankfort Av­enue.
    The event information had been publicized on Facebook, which has a page ded­icated to Geiger de­scendents.
    Bill Geiger talked about discovering the home re­cently while vis­iting Jim Seg­rest, who has owned it for 20 years. Geiger and his son, Craig, who lives in Macon, Ga., will at­tend the marker ded­ication.
    The marker, sponsored by the Butchertown Heritage Fund, will hon­or Fred­erick Geiger, who pur­chased Linden Hill, a mill and 8,000 acres in 1799. He was a Rev­olution­ary War vet­eran from Mary­land who owned and op­erated a public ferry to South­ern Indiana while living at Linden Hill.
    Built by it first owner,Henry Fait Linden , in 1796, Linden Hill is the old­est house in Butchertown and one of the old­est in the country, Seg­rest said. It was constructed only four years af­ter Locust Grove, off Blankenbaker Lane near Indian Hills.
    Fred­erick Geiger, who died in 1832 and is buried at Cave Hill Ceme­tery, came to Butchertown from Middletown and helped ex­tend roads in both places, Seg­rest said.
    Segrest has spent years learning about Fred­erick Geiger and the history of the house, also home to Geiger's wife, Anna Funk Geiger. He has had help in the past year from Lynn Renau of Windy Hills, au­thor of "So Close from Home: The Legacy of Brownsboro Road," and oth­ers.
    "All of these people are just surfac­ing that have connections to the house," said Seg­rest, a longtime preservation­ist and for­mer pres­ident of the Butchertown Neighbor­hood As­sociation.
    Seg­rest bought the home from an aunt of State Rep. Addia Wuchner of Flo­rence, in Boone County, who also will be at the marker ded­ication with oth­er fam­ily members from as far away as California.
    Wuchner spent week­ends and summers at Linden Hill with her great grandmoth­er and lived in an apartment there when she was first married. The home was in her famly for nearly 50 years, and, "I re­alize how important this house has always been for our fam­ily," she said in a phone inter­view.

    KENTUCKY BICENTENNIAL COMMISSION for More Information Click Here Ruth Korzeborn is one of 18 Kentuckians serving on the Kentucky Bicentennial Commission under Kentucky Governor Steven Beshear

    The Kentucky Historical Society is the administrative agency for the War of 1812 Bicentennial Commission, an 18-member body established by the Kentucky legislature in 2010.

    Why should Kentucky commemorate the War of 1812, a forgotten conflict that lasted from 1812 until 1815? The answers are found in several themes and outcomes approved by the Commission:

    Commission Interpretive Themes

    Kentucky's Sacrifice: approximately 60 percent of the war's total casualties were Kentuckians. Kentucky suffered more casualties than any other state combined. Furthermore, nearly 25,000 Kentuckians, about one in six, had some type of military service. Therefore, the war also greatly impacted the Kentucky home front.

    Political Proving Ground: The War of 1812 was a proving ground for many of the state's future political leaders, and military experience helped multiple governors, legislators and other leaders attain higher office.

    Forging the identity of Kentucky and the nation: the War of 1812 was the first major event after Kentucky's statehood that coalesced Kentucky's identity. The war also placed a national focus on Kentuckians, who were influential soldiers and political leaders during the conflict. Also, as the "Second American Revolution," the War of 1812 provided a national identity for the United States, as evidenced by the "Star Spangled Banner." Kentuckians played a key role in creating this national identity.

    Commission Outcomes:

    Raise awareness about Kentucky's impact on the War of 1812, and the impact of the war on Kentucky. Highlight to modern residents the massive number of Kentucky casualties, Kentuckians' contributions to major battles and campaigns, the war's impact on the Kentucky home front, and the war's role as a proving ground for Kentucky's early nineteenth century leaders. Ensure a broad commemoration that includes both history and the humanities, notably music from the period.

    Assist sites in discovering their War of 1812 story. Help local history organizations, including early 19th century house museums and local historical societies, determine how the War of 1812 impacted their sites and communities.

    Encourage statewide programming. Work with local history organizations, civic groups and public libraries to encourage educational programming related to the War of 1812. Help communities preserve, interpret and promote their own local history related to the conflict, and encourage Kentucky teachers to add War of 1812 programming to their Kentucky history or social studies classes.

    Ruth Korzenborn submitted an article entitled "The Butler's of Kentucky and the War of 1812," written by Evelyn M Welch which was published in the Feb 2012
    issue of our the 1812 Newsletter. William Orlando Butler, who fought in the Battle of the Raisin (War of 1812), served in the U.S. Congress, ran unsuccessfully for Vice-President on a Democratic ticket headed by Lewis Cass in the Election of 1848. Butler raised a company which fought in the Mexican War. A state park is Kentucky was named in his honor.

    War of 1812 Bicentennial

    The Kentucky War of 1812 Bicentennial Commission

    The Kentucky Historical Society is the administrative agency for the War of 1812 Bicentennial Commission, an 18-member body established by the Kentucky legislature in 2010.

    Why should Kentucky commemorate the War of 1812, a forgotten conflict that lasted from 1812 until 1815? The answers are found in several themes and outcomes approved by the Commission:

    Commission Outcomes:

    Raise awareness about Kentucky's impact on the War of 1812, and the impact of the war on Kentucky. Highlight to modern residents the massive number of Kentucky casualties, Kentuckians' contributions to major battles and campaigns, the war's impact on the Kentucky home front, and the war's role as a proving ground for Kentucky's early nineteenth century leaders. Ensure a broad commemoration that includes both history and the humanities, notably music from the period.

    Assist sites in discovering their War of 1812 story. Help local history organizations, including early 19th century house museums and local historical societies, determine how the War of 1812 impacted their sites and communities.

    Encourage statewide programming. Work with local history organizations, civic groups and public libraries to encourage educational programming related to the War of 1812. Help communities preserve, interpret and promote their own local history related to the conflict, and encourage Kentucky teachers to add War of 1812 programming to their Kentucky history or social studies classes.

    Recognize the role that Native Americans and African Americans played during the War of 1812, including the Native American soldiers and companies of runaway slaves who fought with Kentucky regiments during the conflict.

    Plans and Activities

    Following these themes and outcomes, the Kentucky Historical Society, the War of 1812 Bicentennial Commission and our many partners hope to plan an array of commemorative activities, including recognizing the more than 30 Kentucky counties named for War of 1812 casualties and veterans. The Commission also hopes to complete key heritage tourism initiatives, including working with Kentucky sites that have War of 1812 connections and highlighting the state historical markers that pertain to the war. We also are planning educational programs and outreach initiatives to educate Kentuckians about the commonwealth's importance during this oft-forgotten conflict.

    Commission Members

    The 18 members of the War of 1812 Bicentennial Commission and the agencies or organizations they represent include:

    Kent Whitworth, Chair, Kentucky Historical Society
    John Trowbridge, Vice-Chair, at-large appointee
    Rep. Tanya Pullin, Kentucky House of Representatives
    Rep. Steve Riggs, Kentucky House of Representatives
    Sen. Jimmy Higdon, Kentucky Senate
    Sen.Tom Buford, Kentucky Senate
    Adj. Gen. Edward Tonini, Kentucky Adjutant General
    Karl Lietzenmayer, Education and Workforce Development Cabinet
    Secretary Marcheta Sparrow, Tourism, Arts and Heritage Cabinet
    Ruth Korzenborn, Kentucky Historical Society
    Roger Stapleton, Kentucky Heritage Council
    The Rev. Kilen Gray, Kentucky African-American Heritage Commission
    Mike Presnell, Kentucky Native American Heritage Commission
    Virginia Carter, Kentucky Humanities Council
    Dorothy A. Ledger, at-large appointee
    Justice Bill Cunningham, at-large appointee
    Matthew Bailey, at-large appointee
    Lewis N. "Nicky" Hughes, at-large appointee


    On June 14, 2010, the Maryland Motor Vehicles Administration (MVA) released a new Star-Spangled themed standard issued license plate for all passenger, trucks, and multipurpose vehicles.

    What is the image on the plate?


    The Star-Spangled Banner flying over the ramparts of Fort McHenry today.

    The image of new standard license plate features the 15-stripe, 15-star, Star-Spangled Banner flying over the ramparts of Fort McHenry as “bombs burst in air.”

    The image is meant to represent two things: first, the 25-hour British bombardment of the fort during the Battle of Baltimore in September 1814; second, a celebratory bicentennial commemoration of the Star-Spangled Banner featuring with fireworks over Fort McHenry. Learn more about the Star-Spangled Banner and War of 1812 in Maryland on our Star-Spangled History page. Click Here to see Star Spangled Maryland 200 Bicentennial web site and get information on the Maryland's Star-Spangled Banner National Heritage Trail.





    Video Preview the War of 1812 Charles County, Maryland

    Charles County, Maryland High School Students from La Plata High School
    who produced a video: The War of 1812 in Charles County's Backyard
    Shown L to R: Matthew Bellerose,, Casey Gaskins,Christopher Cheney,
    Jennifer Munoz, Jonathan Teeney, and Geoffrey Hammersley

    Below is Certificate Presented to the Virginia Houck Holloway Chapter of the U.S. Daughters of 1812 for
    Producing the Historical Video: The War of 1812 in Charles County's Backyard: A Virtual Tour

    For more information about this video you may contact the Holloway Chapter or Linda Shabo Public Relations Chairman National of the U.S. Daughters of 1812 by
    Emailing. For an article on Historical sites in Charles County, War of 1812, Check here.The Video includes a time line chronology: On the 15th. of June, 1814, the British raid Benedict. Five days later a skirmish between British and local militia concludes with the British being repulsed. The following day, on June 21st. a second British raid was successfully driven off by Maryland militia. On the 20th. of July, Port Tobacco briefly serves as a forward based of operations of the U.S. Navy. On the 26th. of July British Brigadier General William H. Winder visited Port Tobacco while scouting out possible encampment sites. In August Chapel Point serves as a U.S. Navy observation post. On August 23-24th. the British land at Benedict for a third time. From there the British began their march from Benedict to Washington, encamping at Patuxent City and Maxwell Hall. British dragoons are placed every twelve miles between Aquasco Mills and Washington. On August 24th. British Rear Admiral Cockburn fought a series of engagement on the Patuxent River against U.S. Commodore Joshua Barney's flotilla of gunboats. August 24th. the British burned much of Washington, D.C. including the White House. On August 29th. and 30th, the British forces returned to Benedict and reboarded their ships. September 5th. and 6th. a skirmish took place at Indian Head. September 13th and 14th., The British Navy bombarded Fort McHenry in Baltimore. September 14th. Francis Scott Key write " Defnese of Fort M'Henry later known as the "Star Spangled Banner." Septembe 15th., the British forces retreated from Baltimore.


    Grave Marking Asa Brown in the Minneapolis Soldiers and Pioneers Cemetery. Annoucement printed in the ALLEY NEWSPAPER with date 27 April 2011

    The Daughters of the War of 1812 will place a new marker for Asa Clark Brown, one of three confirmed War of 1812 veterans buried in Minneapolis Pioneers and Soldiers Memorial Cemetery. The other two veterans, James N. Glover was honored in 2010 and Walter P. Carpenter, will be honored in 2012. John Carpenter, Walter’s brother, may well turn out to be a War of 1812 veteran as well. If that turns out to be the case, four of the approximately 200 War of 1812 veterans known to have died in Minnesota will have been buried in Pioneers and Soldiers Cemetery.


    See Link here to Friends of Minneapolis Pioneers and Soldiers Memorial Cemetery Site includes link to those buried in cemetery and biography of Asa Clark Brown

    SOURCE MINNESOTA WAR OF 1812 VETERANS BURIED IN MINNESOTA: Click Here Arthur L. Finnell "Known War of 1812 Veterans Buried in Minnesota Includes Biographic Info including wives and service.


    Photo of Queestown Marker saved file Powerpoints



    WAR OF 1812

    OHIO Report from Sharon Myers, State Registrar and President William Wetmore Chapter

    William Wetmore Chapter Click Here
    Web Site includes Wonderful Photos of Markings and also an Index to Soldiers Buried in Portage and Summit Counties compiled by Sharon Myers, president of the William Wetmore Chapter, Silver Lake, Ohio.

    Ohio Grave Marking 1812

    David Cook Grave Marking.


    OKLAHOMA Report from Nancy Hall Chotkey, State President

    Nancy Chotkey at Ancestor Fair September, 2011



    Posted: Friday, June 29, 2012 12:01 am
    s. Spears. Jim Drury dressed in 1812 uniform, played “Amazing Grace” on bagpipes.
    Published in The WCP 6.28.12

    From Knox

    Daughters of 1812 participate in parkway dedication

    Natchez Trace Links Nashville to Natchez MS

    The Natchez Trace, also known as the "Old Natchez Trace", is a historic forest trail within the United States which extends roughly 440 miles (710 km) from Nashville, Tennessee, to Natchez, Mississippi, linking the CumberlandTennessee, and Mississippi rivers.

    The trail was created and used by Native Americans for centuries, and was later used by early European and American explorers, traders, and emigrants in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. European Americans founded inns, also known as "stands", along the Trace to serve food and lodging to travelers. As travel shifted to steamboats on the Mississippi and other rivers, most of these stands closed.

    Today, the path is commemorated by the 444-mile (715 km) Natchez Trace Parkway, which follows the approximate path of the Trace,[1] as well as the related Natchez Trace Trail. Parts of the original trail are still accessible, and some segments are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


    This monument memorializes War of 1812 Soldiers buried along the Old Natchez Trace and it honors the service of all brave volunteers who marched on the Natchez Trace during the War of 1812 to help establish American Independence. The Natchez Trace served as an important route to move troops for the defense of the Gulf Coast Region. Tennessee Volunteer Cavalry under the leaderhip of Andrew Jackson marched down the Natchez Trace to Natchez in January 1813. General Jackson marched with 185 soldiers on the their return April 1813. Soldier detachments under Jackson's command again marched on the Natchez Trace in 1814 and following the victory at the Battle of New Orleans, most of the Americans who fought the Battle of New Orleans returned on the Trace. Volunteers marched hundreds of miles, often in severe weather with little food and inadequate equipment. Natchez Trace Inns served as hospitals. Soldiers who did not survive the marches are buried in graves unmarked along the Trace. On General Jackson's return, near this point he proclaimed his view of the significance of the victory earned by the soldiers' sacrifices, 'OUR RIGHTS WILL HENCEFORTH BE RESPECTED."



    Tony L. Trumball, President of the Natchez Trace Parkway Association, noted that Tennessee became known as "the Volunteer State" during the War of 1812 when over 2,000 men answered the call for troops. Upon Jackson's return after the Battle of New Orleans towns along the Natchez Trace met returning soldiers with celebrations and illumniations, by placing candles in windows. Jackson returned on the Trace in a carriage accompanied by his wife and son who had come to meet him. Statement:" Our rights will henceforth be respected" is quoted from a victory speech Jackson made to the residents of Franklin, Tennessee when he was urged to speak.



    General James Smith 1812 TN and Texas

    This Texas 1812 Chapter and Smith County, Texas are both named for General James Smith who fought in the Creek War and served as a Lieutenant under
    General Andrew Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans. He later fought in the Texas War for Independence where he "helped win the Battle of San Jacinto" in 1836.


    This Texas 1812 Chapter and Smith County, Texas are both named for General James Smith who fought in the Creek War and served as a Lieutenant under
    General Andrew Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans. He later fought in the Texas War for Independence where he "helped win the Battle of San Jacinto" in 1836.



    Virginia Honors War 1812 Veteran



    WASHINGTON Report from Public Relations Chairman Judith A. Kennelly Emry

    Washington State President Linda Rael Lind and Brenda Spicer, Washelli Representative
    Viewing the proposed site for the Washington Society Daughters of 1812 Marker
    To be Located in the Washelli Cemertery in Marking Ceremony Scheduled
    June, 2012



    Black War of 1812 soldier


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