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War 1812 Quizzes

The War of 1812 between the United States of America and Great Britain lasted over 2 years and saw approximately 30,000 casualties, yet little is generally remembered of this significant historical event in either country. What do you know about the War of 1812?

Students also are invited to take part in the Benjamin Hawkins History Project Created by
the State of South Carolina. See War of 1812 Biography under Benjamin Hawkins for more
information.


War of 1812 Quiz: General Knowledge

Instructions: Simply mark the right answer for each of the 20 questions in the circular buttons provided, then click the "GET SCORE" button at the end of the page to get your score and the correct answers. Good Luck!

1. What US President declared war on Great Britain in 1812?
Thomas Jefferson
Andrew Jackson
James Madison
John Adams

2. What place did the United States and Great Britain sign the Peace Treaty ending the War of 1812?
Ghent
The Hague
Paris
Antwerp

3. On what date was the Peace treaty signed?
November 27, 1814
December 24, 1814
December 31, 1814
January 3, 1815

4. How many states made up the US in 1812?
13
15
17
19

5. When the declaration of war was voted on in the US House of Representative, how many states had the majority of their representatives vote "NO"?
None
1
3
6

6. The burning of the public buildings in Washington D.C. by the British was in retaliation for:
US army's burning of Newark, Upper Canada
the killing of the Indian Chief Tecumseh
the US army's looting of York (capital of Upper Canada)
nothing

7. At what battle was the British general Sir Isaac Brock killed at?
Queenston Heights
Detroit
Fort George
Chippawa

8. What was the major naval station on Lake Ontario for the British?
Kingston
York
Burlington
Niagara

9. What was the name of the British fort on the Detroit River?
Fort Malden
Fort Sandwich
Fort Windsor
Fort Amherstburg

10. What motivated the US to go to war with Great Britain?
Support of the Indians by the British
Maritime Rights
Growth of US borders by conquering Canada
all the above

11. Who was the Governor General of British North America (Canada) in 1812?
Sir George Prevost
Sir Issac Brock
Sir Gordon Drummond
Sir James Craig

12. How many people lived in the US in 1812?
2 million
4 million
6 million
10 million

13. How many people lived in British North America (Canada) in 1812?
500,000
1 million
1.5 million
2 million

14. At the Battle of the Chateauguay a force of Canadians defeated an invading US army. How many were on each side?
1200 Canadians vs. 2000 Americans
800 Canadians vs. 1000 Americans
400 Canadians vs. 3500 Americans
2000 Canadians vs. 1800 Americans

15. At the end of the war what parts of the United States were occupied by the British?
none
Detroit, Fort Niagara, Fort Oswego
Fort Niagara, most of Maine, Lake Michigan area including Wisconsin, part of Georgia
Buffalo, Washington, part of Ohio, Vermont

16. At the end of the war what parts of the British North America (Canada)were occupied by the US?
none
the Canadian Side of the Detroit River, Fort Erie
the Canadian Side of the Detroit River
York, Fort Erie, Fort George, the Canadian Side of the Detroit River

17. Where was the famous Indian chief Tecumseh killed?
Detroit
Amherstburg
Moraviantown
Lundy's Lane

18. By the end of the war what lakes were controlled by the US navy?
Ontario, Erie, Champlain
Erie, Champlain
Erie, Huron, Michigan
Erie

19. Which famous US officer serving in War of 1812 did NOT become a US president or vice-president?
Andrew Jackson
Richard M. Johnson
Oliver H. Perry
William H. Harrison


20. By 1814 the US government was afraid that part of the country was going to secede from the union. What part?
the Southern States
New England
the Middle States
the Western States

To see how well you did open this LINK

images

Self-Scoring Interactive on-line Quiz created by Ohio Heritage Trail based on included
Time line Link: Which came first?

Tennessee Web Site History for Kids: Andrew Jackson and the War of 1812. Instructional info and interactive quiz. Link

 

1. What was the cause of the War?

The US desire to remove the power of the native American tribes.
British trade restrictions against France and impressment of seamen serving on US vessels.
The US goal of teritorrial expansion in Canada and Florida.
All of these.

2. How did the war start?

The US declared war on Britain and invaded Canada.
The US declared war on Britain and fortified the Canadian border against British attack.
Britain declared war on the US and attacked Detroit.
Britain declared war on the US and conducted a series of raids across the Canadian border.

3. The Battle of Stoney Creek is regarded as the turning point of the War in Upper Canada. What was the outcome?

A British and Indian victory ended the American conquest of Upper Canada.
US troops routed the British and advanced into Canada forcing a ceasfire.
Heavy losses led Britain to surrender Upper Canada to the USA.
Outflanked, British forces had to withdraw to protect Montreal.

4. The New England states opposed the War and continued to trade with Britain during the conflict.

True
False

5. According to the US Navy, which naval duel of 1 June 1813, "... provided another of the War of 1812's many convincing examples of the vital importance of superior training and discipline in combat on sea and land."?

USS Constitution's defeat of HMS Guerriere.
USS Constitution's defeat of HMS Java.
USS United States' defeat of HMS Macedonian.
HMS Shannon's defeat of USS Chesapeake.

6. What was the only large territory captured AND held by either side at the conclusion of the war?

Eastern Maine by the British.
New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island by the US.
Upper Canada (now Southern Ontario) by the US.
Northern Michigan by the British.

7. British forces captured Washington DC causing the US government to flee the capital.

True
False

8. During the Battle of Baltimore, Francis Scott Key wrote 'The Star Spangled Banner' which President Madison adopted at the US National Anthem.

True
False

9. What was the final battle fought in the War?

The US victory at the Battle of New Orleans.
The British victory at the Battle of Fort Bowyer.
The US defence of Baltimore.
The British defeat at the Battle of Plattsburgh.

10. What was the outcome of the War?

The War ended in a stalemate.
The US were victorious.
Both sides returned to the pre-war status quo.
The British were victorious.

Quiz 4:

1. Name Tecumseh’s arch rival. (Hint: he was Governor of the Indiana Territory and commanded the U.S. Army of the Northwest from 1812 - 1813)


William Hull
William Henry Harrison
Henry Dearborn

2. The young French-Canadian lieutenant, Frederic Rollette, captured this ship carrying U.S. General William Hull’s personal documents as it traveled up the Detroit River in July of 1812. Is it the:

Caledonia
Constitution
Cuyahoga

3. The peace treaty which ended the War of 1812 was signed in:

Stockholm, Sweden
Ghent, Belgium
Washington D.C

4. Who was the Shawnee chief who united a powerful Native Confederacy to fight against the United States?


John Norton
Black Hawk
Tecumseh

5. Who was the leader of the Glengarry Light Infantry?


General Roger Sheaffe
Captain J.B. Glegg
Lieutenant Colonel George Macdonell

6. Which well-known military leader prevented the massacre of American prisoners during the Siege of Fort Meigs? Was it:


William Henry Harrison
Tecumseh
Henry Procter

7. Which American navy commander spent the greater part of the Battle of Lake Erie hanging back out of range of the enemy?


Jesse Elliott
Oliver Hazard Perry
Joshua Barney

8. At which battle did Lieutenant Colonel Charles Michel de Salaberry’s men fire at the Americans from behind abatis (tangles of fresh-felled trees), to defeat a much larger American force.

The Battle of Frenchtown
Battle of La Colle Mill
Battle of Chateauguay

War of 1812 Quiz: For the Expert -Quiz 5

This quiz encompasses a number of questions on the battles, structure of the British army, leaders and military technology. Good Luck!


1. What battle did not occur in 1814?
Oswego
Fort George
Lacolle
Chippawa


2. What US general surrendered Detroit in 1812?
James Wilkinson
William Hull
Wade Hampton
Stephen Van Rensselaer


3. In 1814 a daring attack was made by a group of Royal Newfoundland Fencibles and sailors that resulted in the capture of two US ships on Lake Huron. What were the names of those ships?
Leopard and Cheasapeake
Tigress and Scorpion
Niagara and Governor Clark
Shannon and Madison


4. What was the name of the largest ship built during the war?
St. Lawrence
Royal George
Detroit
Shannon


5. Where was the main US naval base on Lake Ontario?
Fort Niagara
Oswego
Sacket's Harbor
none of the above


6. Present day Ontario was called Upper Canada in 1812. Why?
the upper house of government was located there
it was settled by upper class Loyalists (Tories) after the American Revolution
it was on a higher elevation and you had to travel upstream to get there
none of the above


7. Where was the first shots and the first casualties inflicted of the war?
Grenadier Island
Canard River
Fort Michilimackinac
Detroit


8. During the Battle of York one of the US army's most capable generals, Zebulon Pike, was killed. How did he die?
shot by a sharpshooter in the Glengarry Light Infantry
bayoneted on the beach by an 8th Regiment Grenadier
broke his neck when his horse was shot and fell
crushed by debris from a magazine explosion


9. Who was claimed to have killed the Indian chief, Tecumseh?
Richard Johnson
William Harrison
Andrew Jackson
Winfeld Scott


10. Why was the first siege of Fort Meigs broken in May 1813?
Canadian militia needed to plant their crops
Indians started to return home with their plunder from early days of the seige
the British did not possess enough seige artillery
all the above


11. Where did British troops operating in Michigan/Ohio area receive their first defeat (not including lifting of seiges)?
River Raisen
Fort Stephenson
Brownstown
Moraviantown (Battle of the Thames)


12. How many US Generals were captured at the Battle of Stoney Creek?
one
two
three
four


13. How was Fort Niagara taken in December 1813?
shelled by Fort George into submission
surrendered because of the fear of an Indian massacre of the garrison
stormed by the British and after an exchange of musket fire, the US garrison surrendered
stormed by the British who used only the bayonet


14. Who was Commander-in-Chief of the British Army?
King George III
Duke of York
Duke of Wellington
none of the above


15. During the War of 1812 who signed on matters requiring royal approval?
King George III
Prince Regent
Duke of Kent
Duke of York


16. What happened to the Grenadier and Light Infantry companies of De Watteville's Regiment?
captured by the US fleet on Lake Ontario
shipwrecked on their way to Canada
mutined while stationed in the West Indies
lost most of their men when the magazine blew up during the assault on Fort Erie


17. What was the usual punishment in the British Army for a soldier deserting with his musket towards the enemy?
1000 Lashes
army service for life in a disease-ridden colony (life expectency: 2 years)
execution by firing squad
execution by hanging


18. The lash was the most common way of punishing soldiers for various crimes. The whip used was called the cat-o-nine-tails because it had nine knotted cords on it. Whose duty was it to administer the lash?
the officer in charge
the sergeant major
a drummer boy
the victim of the crime


19. Which British General was actually born in New Jersey?
Sir George Prevost
Sir Isaac Brock
Sir Roger Sheaffe
Sir Gordon Drummond


20. How many times has Sir Isaac Brock been buried?
one
two
three
four


21. What department arranged food for the British Army?
Storekeeper General's
Commissariat General's
Board of Ordnance
Barrack Master General's


22. In the song "British Grenadiers" there is a line that mentions throwing grenades "from the glacis about the enemy's ears". What is the glacis?
an advanced entrenchment
the cleared, sloped land around a fortification
a redoubt containing seige artillery
the highest corner of a fort


23. What type of artillery projectile was used by the British and NOT by the US artillery in the War of 1812?
case or canister shot
chain shot
shrapnel shells
bar shot


24. One of the duties of an artilleryman in garrison was to rotate or turn the gunpowder barrels in the powder magazine. Why?
to inspect the barrels for loose copper bands
moisture released by the powder into the wood was less likely to warp the barrel
the gunpowder continually had to be mixed
the potassium nitrate in the powder was less likely to spontaniously explode


25. What British General was born in Canada?
Sir George Prevost
Sir Isaac Brock
Sir Roger Sheaffe
Sir Gordon Drummond


26. How many pounds of equipment did a British soldier carry on the march?
26
38
59
74


27. The term "hot shot" dates back to the War of 1812. It referred to:
top marksman in the regiment
a red hot cannon ball used to catch ships and buildings on fire
slang for the artilleryman who sights the gun (cannon)
an alcoholic drink issued to the soldiers


28. What was the name of the rifle carried by British rifle regiments in 1812?
Brunswick Rifle
Baker Rifle
Lovell Rifle
Ferguson Rifle


29. What colour of jackets did the British cavalry used in the War of 1812?
red
green
blue
grey


30. What regiment was not present at the Battle of Lundy's Lane?
41st Regiment
49th Regiment
89th Regiment
103rd Regiment

Quiz for Younger Children # 6

1. What were American politicians who favored the war called?

War Happy
War Hawks
War Sharks
War Badgers

2. With what country did the United States agree to trade with while refusing to trade with Great Britain?

Spain
France
Russia
Australia

3. In 1812 how many times did the U.S. unsuccessfully attempt to invade British owned Canada?

3
1
2
4

4. Early in the war an American ship earned the nickname "Old Ironsides" becuase cannon balls bounced off its sides. What was the name of this ship?

Georgia
Washington
Madison
Constitution

5. Which future U.S. President made a name for himself as a military leader during this war?

Henry Clay
William H. Harrison
Zachary Taylor
John Tyler

6. Future U.S. President Andrew Jackson also became famous during the War of 1812. What tribe did he defeat early in 1814?

Pipe
Bend
Creek
Cricket

7. In 1814 the British landed about 4,000 troops close to Washington, D.C. The British troops set fire to two key buildings. Which?

The Capitol and the White House
The Capitol and the Library of Congress
The White House and Supreme Court
The Pentagon and the National Archives

8. The British Navy shelled Fort McHenry in an effort to take Baltimore. After the battle for Baltimore lawyer wrote a poem entitled "The Defence of Fort McHenry" that later was turned into a song. What song did "The Defence of Fort McHenry" eventually become?

America the Beautiful
The Star Spangled Banner
When the Saints Go Marching In
The Battle Hymn of the Republic

9. Who won the war?

Canada
United States
Neither side: it was a stalemate
Great Britain

10. In 1815, before news of the Treaty of Ghent reached America, a battle was fought between a hodgepodge army of 4000 men led by Andrew Jackson and 8,000 British soldiers. In what city was this battle fought?

New Orleans
Baltimore
Tampa
New York

Quiz #7

1. What were American politicians who favored the war called?

War Happy
War Hawks
War Sharks
War Badgers

2. With what country did the United States agree to trade with while refusing to trade with Great Britain?

Spain
France
Russia
Australia

3. In 1812 how many times did the U.S. unsuccessfully attempt to invade British owned Canada?

3
1
2
4

4. Early in the war an American ship earned the nickname "Old Ironsides" becuase cannon balls bounced off its sides. What was the name of this ship?

Georgia
Washington
Madison
Constitution

5. Which future U.S. President made a name for himself as a military leader during this war?

Henry Clay
William H. Harrison
Zachary Taylor
John Tyler

6. Future U.S. President Andrew Jackson also became famous during the War of 1812. What tribe did he defeat early in 1814?

Pipe
Bend
Creek
Cricket

7. In 1814 the British landed about 4,000 troops close to Washington, D.C. The British troops set fire to two key buildings. Which?

The Capitol and the White House
The Capitol and the Library of Congress
The White House and Supreme Court
The Pentagon and the National Archives

8. The British Navy shelled Fort McHenry in an effort to take Baltimore. After the battle for Baltimore lawyer wrote a poem entitled "The Defence of Fort McHenry" that later was turned into a song. What song did "The Defence of Fort McHenry" eventually become?

America the Beautiful
The Star Spangled Banner
When the Saints Go Marching In
The Battle Hymn of the Republic

9. Who won the war?

Canada
United States
Neither side: it was a stalemate
Great Britain

10. In 1815, before news of the Treaty of Ghent reached America, a battle was fought between a hodgepodge army of 4000 men led by Andrew Jackson and 8,000 British soldiers. In what city was this battle fought?

New Orleans
Baltimore
Tampa
New York

Quiz # 8 Younger Students: This quiz deals mostly with events of 1814 and is a little more difficult.

1. In 1813 there was a major turning-point in the war which gave the British a confidence boost that lasted into 1814. What was event was this?

The Battle of Lundy's Lane
The Battle of Lake Erie
The Battle of Chateauguay
The Battle of Chrystler's Farm

2. The first major recovery task for the British was to recapture which city, located on the Niagara Penninsula?

York
Queenston
Newark
Fort Erie

3. After retaking the Niagara Peninsula, the British advanced into New York, but were repulsed by the Americans at which battle?

The Battle of Lewiston
The Battle of Buffalo
The Battle of Fort Niagara
The Battle of Chippewa

4. General George Prevost was advancing into upper New York state from Lower Canada. His advance was going well until his defeat at which battle?

The Battle of Burlington
The Battle of Plattsburg
The Battle of Albany
The Battle of Ogdensburg

5. Meanwhile, General Downey was fighting which major naval battle against the Americans in upstate New York?

The Battle of Lake Ontario
The Battle of the Hudson
The Battle of the St. Lawrence
The Battle of Lake Champlain

6. What was Prevost denied after Downey lost the battle for Lake Champlain?

He wasn't denied anything
Men
Supplies
Orders

7. After their shattering losses in upstate New York, the British then advanced on their primary target for 1814. What was it?

Fort Detroit
Washington D.C.
New York City
Boston

8. Generals Cockburn and Ross advanced up Chesapeake Bay with a formidable army and naval force. They landed in Maryland, and Ross then advanced to meet the Americans in battle. What battle was then fought to attempt the stop the British advance?

The Battle of Bladensburg
The Battle of Alexandria
The Battle of Chesapeake
The Battle of Annapolis

9. After the British captured Washington, they only held it for one day, but were able to burn one major building to the ground. What building was this?

The Museum of American History
The Capitol
The President's House
The Washington Monument

10. After abandoning Washington, the British marched north to meet the Americans in what battle, which was to decide the fate of the British in Maryland?

The Battle of Baltimore
The Battle of Fort McHenry
The Battle of Chestertown
The Battle of North Point

11. Back to Upper Canada. The Americans, powered up by their defeat of the British in Maryland, advanced into Canada along the Niagara Peninsula until they met the British. Both side fought a long and bloody battle that ended in stalemate. What battle was this?

The Battle of Fort Erie
The Battle of Queenston
The Battle of Lundy's Lane
The Battle of Newark

12. The battle of Lundy's Lane was considered the bloodiest batte of the war.

True
False

13. After nearly three years of fighting, the Americans and British signed a peace treaty. What was the treaty called?

Treaty of Wellington
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Ghent
Treaty of Paris

14. Although the war was technically over, the Americans under Andrew Jackson marched south and met the British at which battle?

The Battle of New Orleans
The Battle of St. Philip
The Battle of Pensacola
The Battle of Lousiana

15. Who won the War of 1812?

The U.S.
The Canadians
The British
Nobody

Quiz #9

1. What was the cause of the War?

The US desire to remove the power of the native American tribes.
British trade restrictions against France and impressment of seamen serving on US vessels.
All of these.
The US goal of teritorrial expansion in Canada and Florida.

2. How did the war start?

The US declared war on Britain and invaded Canada.
The US declared war on Britain and fortified the Canadian border against British attack.
Britain declared war on the US and attacked Detroit.
Britain declared war on the US and conducted a series of raids across the Canadian border.

3. The Battle of Stoney Creek is regarded as the turning point of the War in Upper Canada. What was the outcome?

A British and Indian victory ended the American conquest of Upper Canada.
US troops routed the British and advanced into Canada forcing a ceasfire.
Heavy losses led Britain to surrender Upper Canada to the USA.
Outflanked, British forces had to withdraw to protect Montreal.

4. The New England states opposed the War and continued to trade with Britain during the conflict.

True
False

5. According to the US Navy, which naval duel of 1 June 1813, "... provided another of the War of 1812's many convincing examples of the vital importance of superior training and discipline in combat on sea and land."?

USS Constitution's defeat of HMS Guerriere.
USS Constitution's defeat of HMS Java.
USS United States' defeat of HMS Macedonian.
HMS Shannon's defeat of USS Chesapeake.

6. What was the only large territory captured AND held by either side at the conclusion of the war?

Eastern Maine by the British.
New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island by the US.
Upper Canada (now Southern Ontario) by the US.
Northern Michigan by the British.

7. British forces captured Washington DC causing the US government to flee the capital.

True
False

8. During the Battle of Baltimore, Francis Scott Key wrote 'The Star Spangled Banner' which President Madison adopted at the US National Anthem.

True
False

9. What was the final battle fought in the War?

The US victory at the Battle of New Orleans.
The British victory at the Battle of Fort Bowyer.
The US defence of Baltimore.
The British defeat at the Battle of Plattsburgh.

10. What was the outcome of the War?

The War ended in a stalemate.
The US were victorious.
Both sides returned to the pre-war status quo.
The British were victorious.

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